Sajad Hussain Syed

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Despite the key role of the linker histone H1 in chromatin structure and dynamics, its location and interactions with nucleosomal DNA have not been elucidated. In this work we have used a combination of electron cryomicroscopy, hydroxyl radical footprinting, and nanoscale modeling to analyze the structure of precisely positioned mono-, di-, and(More)
Linker histone H1 plays an essential role in chromatin organization. Proper deposition of linker histone H1 as well as its removal is essential for chromatin dynamics and function. Linker histone chaperones perform this important task during chromatin assembly and other DNA-templated phenomena in the cell. Our in vitro data show that the multifunctional(More)
CENP-A is a histone variant, which replaces histone H3 at centromeres and confers unique properties to centromeric chromatin. The crystal structure of CENP-A nucleosome suggests flexible nucleosomal DNA ends, but their dynamics in solution remains elusive and their implication in centromere function is unknown. Using electron cryo-microscopy, we determined(More)
Histone variants within the H2A family show high divergences in their C-terminal regions. In this work, we have studied how these divergences and in particular, how a part of the H2A COOH-terminus, the docking domain, is implicated in both structural and functional properties of the nucleosome. Using biochemical methods in combination with Atomic Force(More)
In this work we have studied the properties of the novel mouse histone variant H2AL2. H2AL2 was used to reconstitute nucleosomes and the structural and functional properties of these particles were studied by a combination of biochemical approaches, atomic force microscopy (AFM) and electron cryo-microscopy. DNase I and hydroxyl radical footprinting as well(More)
The interaction of histone H1 with linker DNA results in the formation of the nucleosomal stem structure, with considerable influence on chromatin organization. In a recent paper [Syed,S.H., Goutte-Gattat,D., Becker,N., Meyer,S., Shukla,M.S., Hayes,J.J., Everaers,R., Angelov,D., Bednar,J. and Dimitrov,S. (2010) Single-base resolution mapping of(More)
Several hypotheses have been proposed to explain the role that the human c-myc 1st exon is thought to play in the regulation of the expression of the c-myc protein. One of these hypotheses, based on sequencing data showing an open reading frame overlapping that exon, predicts the existence of a protein most probably involved in the regulation of the(More)
Chromatin remodelers are sophisticated nano-machines that are able to alter histone-DNA interactions and to mobilize nucleosomes. Neither the mechanism of their action nor the conformation of the remodeled nucleosomes are, however, yet well understood. We have studied the mechanism of Remodels Structure of Chromatin (RSC)-nucleosome mobilization by using(More)
Cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) specific phosphodiesterase type-5 (PDE5), a clinically proven target to treat erectile dysfunction and diseases associated with lower cGMP levels in humans, is present in corpus cavernosum, heart, lung, platelets, prostate, urethra, bladder, liver, brain, and stomach. Sildenafil, vardenafil, tadalafil and avanafil are(More)
Linker histones associate with nucleosomes to promote the formation of higher-order chromatin structure, but the underlying molecular details are unclear. We investigated the structure of a 197 bp nucleosome bearing symmetric 25 bp linker DNA arms in complex with vertebrate linker histone H1. We determined electron cryo-microscopy (cryo-EM) and crystal(More)