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BACKGROUND The microdeletion of chromosome 22q11.2 is the most common human deletion syndrome. It typically presents early in life and is rarely considered in adult patients. As part of the manifestations of this condition, patients can have parathyroid glandular involvement ranging from hypocalcemic hypoparathyroidism to normocalcemia with normal… (More)
Non-syndromic hearing impairment (NSHI) is the most common form of deafness and presents with no other symptoms or sensory defects. Mutations in the gap junction gene GJB2 account for a high proportion of recessive NSHI. The GJB2 gene encodes connexin 26, which forms plasma membrane channels between cochlear cells. In Caucasian populations a single… (More)
OBJECTIVES HER2 (human epidermal growth factor receptor 2) is an important biomarker in breast cancer, but its prevalence in elderly women is not well established. Previous studies reported HER2 status based on either immunohistochemistry (IHC) or fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) interchangeably. However, the tests may give discordant results. We… (More)
To ascertain the distribution of whole-arm translocations (WATs) and their consequential imbalances in hematologic malignancies, we analyzed the imbalances related to chromosomes involved in clonal, acquired WATs in 140 consecutive tumors with WATs and near-diploid karyotypes. Tumors for analysis were obtained from a survey of the cytogenetic database in… (More)
We present a male patient with constitutional ring 1 chromosome and subsequent 6 Mb deletion at 1q43q44. The patient displays overlapping clinical features with reported patients with ring 1 chromosome and 1q43q44 microdeletion syndrome. To our knowledge, this is the first patient with ring 1 chromosome characterized by comparative genomic hybridization.
Carriers of isodicentric Y (idicY) mosaicism exhibit a wide range of clinical features, including short stature, gonadal abnormalities, and external genital anomalies. However, the phenotypic spectrum for individuals carrying an idicY and a 46, XX cell line is less clearly defined. A more complete description of the phenotype related to idicY is thus… (More)
We report a new case of frontofacionasal dysplasia or dysostosis (FFND) with a 1.5 Mb duplication in the region of 7p15.2-p15.1, and provide a review of the literature to understand the underlying pathogenesis better.