Saima Batool

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We investigated the sensitivity and reliability of MRI susceptibility-weighted imaging (SWI) compared with routine MRI T2*-weighted gradient-recalled echo (GRE) for cerebral microbleed (CMB) detection. METHODS We used data from a prospective study of cerebral amyloid angiopathy (n=9; mean age, 71±8.3) and healthy non-cerebral(More)
OBJECTIVE Decline in cognitive function begins by the 40s, and may be related to future dementia risk. We used data from a community-representative study to determine whether there are age-related differences in simple cognitive and gait tests by the 40s, and whether these differences were associated with covert cerebrovascular disease on magnetic resonance(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Incidental magnetic resonance diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI)-positive lesions, considered to represent small acute infarcts, have been detected in patients with cerebral small vessel diseases or cognitive impairment, but the prevalence in the community population is unknown. METHODS DWI sequences collected in 793 participants in(More)
Lower blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) signal changes in response to a visual stimulus in functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) have been observed in cross-sectional studies of cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA), and are presumed to reflect impaired vascular reactivity. We used fMRI to detect a longitudinal change in BOLD responses to a visual(More)
The Khewra Salt Mines, the second largest salt mines in the world, are located 160 km south of Islamabad, the capital of Pakistan. Around 1000 workers are involved in the removal of salt from these mines. More than 40,000 visitors come annually to see the mines. The visitors and workers are directly exposed to the internal and external radiological hazards(More)
Some ecologically different ecotypes of Panicum antidotale Retz. were evaluated for drought tolerance in relation to growth parameters and leaf structural modifications. These ecotypes were adapted to normal non-stressed (agricultural field AF, and sludge of disposal channel SDC), drought-stressed (along roadside AR), salinity-stressed (forest plantation(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Autopsy studies suggest that cerebral amyloid angiopathy (CAA) is associated with cognitive impairment and risk for dementia. We analyzed neuropsychological test data from a prospective cohort study of patients with CAA to identify the prevalence of cognitive impairment and its associations with brain magnetic resonance imaging(More)
Cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) are small, round, or ovoid foci of signal loss (hypointensity) on MR sequences sensitive to paramagnetic iron. Pathologically, they represent small areas of hemosiderin deposition adjacent to small arteries. In patients with cerebral small vessel disease, CMBs are considered to be a useful marker for the presence and severity of(More)
Background: Lead (Pb) poisoning has been known to produce congenital abnormalities in humans and experimental animals, it has also been reported to produce oxidative damage in developing adult rats. Supplementation of diet with vitamins C and E have been found to reduce toxic effects of lead acetate on adult animals and human being. Methods: Twenty one(More)
Arsenic is noxious metal exist in water in form of organic dimethyl arsenic acid (C2H7AsO2) and monomethylarsonic acid (CH5AsO3) while in inorganic arsenic trioxide (As2O3) and sodium arsenate (NaH2AsO4). Its trivalent and pentavalent forms are abundant in natural water. Its trivalent form is 60 times more hazardous than pentavalent form. Reports proved(More)