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The deregulated expression of cyclin E as measured by the overexpression of its low molecular weight (LMW) isoforms is a powerful predictor of poor outcome in patients with breast cancer. The mechanism by which these LMW forms give tumor cells a growth advantage is not known and is the subject of this article. In this article, we provide the pathobiological(More)
The progression of a cell through the cell cycle is promoted by cyclin dependent kinases (CDKs), which are positively regulated by cyclins and negatively regulated by CDK inhibitors. D type cyclins interact with CDK4 and CDK6 to drive the progression of a cell through early/mid-G(1)in response to mitogen stimulation. The association of cyclin E with CDK2(More)
HER2/neu (HER2) and cyclin E are important prognostic indicators in breast cancer. As both are involved in cell cycle regulation we analyzed whether there was a direct interaction between the two. HER2 and cyclin E expression levels were determined in 395 breast cancer patients. Patients with HER2-overexpression and high levels of cyclin E had decreased(More)
Cyclin E in complex with CDK2 is a positive regulator of the G1 to S phase transition of the cell cycle and is responsible for cells passing the restriction point, committing the cell to another round of cell division. Cyclin E is overexpressed and proteolytically cleaved into low molecular weight (LMW) isoforms in breast cancer cell lines and tumor tissues(More)
Cyclin E activates Cdk2, controls centrosome duplication, and regulates histone gene transcription. Cyclin E is deregulated in cancer and appears as low-molecular-weight (LMW) isoforms that correlate strongly with decreased survival in breast cancer patients. Transgenic mice overexpressing LMW-cyclin E have increased incidence of mammary tumors and distant(More)
Elastase-mediated cleavage of cyclin E generates low molecular weight cyclin E (LMW-E) isoforms exhibiting enhanced CDK2-associated kinase activity and resistance to inhibition by CDK inhibitors p21 and p27. Approximately 27% of breast cancers express high LMW-E protein levels, which significantly correlates with poor survival. The objective of this study(More)
Cyclin E, a key mediator of transition during the G1/S cellular division phase, is deregulated in a wide variety of human cancers. Our group recently reported that overexpression and generation of low-molecular-weight (LMW) isoforms of cyclin E were associated with poor clinical outcome among breast cancer patients. However, the link between LMW cyclin E(More)
PURPOSE Low-molecular-weight cyclin E (LMW-E) in breast cancer cells induces genomic instability and resistance to inhibition by p21, p27, and fulvestrant therapy. Here, we sought to determine if LMW-E renders breast cancer cells unresponsive to aromatase inhibitors (AI), elucidate the mechanism of such resistance, and ascertain if inhibitors of(More)
In this review, we focus on pathways intersecting through p53 and cyclin E, highlighting how oncogenic effects of cyclin E deregulation, especially overexpression of shortened or low molecular weight (LMW) forms of cyclin E protein, are amplified by loss of regulatory control through p53 to promote tumor development. Expression of cyclin E protein promotes(More)
Expression of cyclin E proteolytic cleavage products, low-molecular weight cyclin E (LMW-E), is associated with poor clinical outcome in patients with breast cancer and it enhances tumorigenecity in mouse models. Here we report that LMW-E expression in human mammary epithelial cells induces an epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition phenotype, increases the(More)