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The aim of the present study was to assess the influence of body posture on post-submaximal exercise parasympathetic reactivation and to examine whether this influence was preserved under a heightened sympathetic background. On four occasions, eleven moderately trained subjects (22.1 +/- 3.0 years old) performed, in random order, two consecutive submaximal(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess whether obesity induces changes in breathing pattern and ventilatory neural drive and mechanics. Measurements performed in 34 male obese subjects (BMI, 39+/-6 kg/m(2)) and 18 controls (BMI, 23+/-3 kg/m(2)) included anthropometric parameters, spirometry, breathing patterns, mouth occlusion pressure, maximal inspiratory(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of exercise-induced plasma volume expansion on post-exercise parasympathetic reactivation. Before (D(0)) and 2 days after (D(+2)) a supramaximal exercise session, 11 men (21.4 +/- 2.6 years and BMI = 23.0 +/- 1.4) performed 6-min of submaximal running where heart rate (HR) recovery (HRR) and HR(More)
PURPOSE To assess the effect of supramaximal intermittent exercise on long-term cardiac autonomic activity, inferred from heart rate variability (HRV). METHODS Eleven healthy males performed a series of two consecutive intermittent 15-s runs at 95% VIFT (i.e., speed reached at the end of the 30-15 Intermittent Fitness Test) interspersed with 15 s of(More)
The effect of prior exercise on pulmonary O2 uptake (VO2p) and estimated muscle capillary blood flow (Qm) kinetics during moderate-intensity, field-based running was examined in 14 young adult men, presenting with either moderately fast (16 s<tauVO2p<30 s; MFK) or very fast VO2p kinetics (tauVO2p<16 s; VFK) (i.e., primary time constant, tauVO2p). On four(More)
This study investigated the influence of 180 degrees changes of direction during a repeated-sprint running test on performance, cardiorespiratory variables, muscle deoxygenation and post-exercise blood lactate ([La] (b)) levels. Thirteen team-sport athletes (22+/-3 yr) performed 6 repeated maximal sprints with (RSS, 6 x[2 x 12.5 m]) or without (RS, 6 x 25(More)
To examine whether performance, physiological and perceptual responses to repeated sprints including changes of direction are angle-dependent, twelve team-sport players performed (1) single 30-m sprints without or with two (45°, 90° or 135°) changes of direction and (2) repeated-sprint sequences matched for initial sprint time without (Line [6x30m]) or with(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability, usefulness, and validity of the 30-15 Intermittent Ice Test (30-15(IIT)) in 17 young elite ice hockey players. For the reliability and usefulness study, players performed the 30-15(IIT) 7 days apart. For the validity study, data derived from the first 30-15(IIT) were compared with those obtained from(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of the shuttle test protocol (20-MST) and the resulting lactacidaemia on maximal velocity (Vmax) and maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max). Firstly, three randomly assigned tests to exhaustion were performed by 12 subjects: the treadmill test, the 20-MST, and a continuous running track test using the same(More)
To compare the effects of explosive strength (ExpS) vs. repeated shuttle sprint (RS) training on repeated sprint ability (RSA) in young elite soccer players, 15 elite male adolescents (14.5 ± 0.5 years) performed, in addition to their soccer training program, RS (n = 7) or ExpS (n = 8) training once a week for a total of 10 weeks. RS training consisted of(More)