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BACKGROUND Artemisinin resistance, a long parasite clearance half-life in response to artemisinin, has been described in patients with Plasmodium falciparum malaria in southeast Asia. Few baseline half-lives have been reported from Africa, where artemisinins were recently introduced. METHODS We treated P. falciparum malaria in 215 Malian children aged(More)
BACKGROUND α-Thalassemia results from decreased production of α-globin chains that make up part of hemoglobin tetramers (Hb; α(2)β(2)) and affects up to 50% of individuals in some regions of sub-Saharan Africa. Heterozygous (-α/αα) and homozygous (-α/-α) genotypes are associated with reduced risk of severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria, but the mechanism of(More)
BACKGROUND Red blood cell variants protect African children from severe falciparum malaria. However, their individual and interactive effects on mild disease and parasite density, and their modification by age-dependent immunity, are poorly understood. In this study, we address these knowledge gaps in a prospective cohort study of malaria risk and(More)
BACKGROUND Plasmodium falciparum elicits host inflammatory responses that cause the symptoms and severe manifestations of malaria. One proposed mechanism involves formation of immunostimulatory uric acid (UA) precipitates, which are released from sequestered schizonts into microvessels. Another involves hypoxanthine and xanthine, which accumulate in(More)
BACKGROUND Naturally-acquired antibody responses to antigens on the surface of Plasmodium falciparum-infected red blood cells (iRBCs) have been implicated in antimalarial immunity. To profile the development of this immunity, we have been studying a cohort of Malian children living in an area with intense seasonal malaria transmission. (More)
BACKGROUND Inflammatory cytokinemia and systemic activation of the microvascular endothelium are central to the pathogenesis of Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Recently, 'parasite-derived' uric acid (UA) was shown to activate human immune cells in vitro, and plasma UA levels were associated with inflammatory cytokine levels and disease severity in Malian(More)
Heterozygous hemoglobin (Hb) AS (sickle-cell trait) and HbAC are hypothesized to protect against Plasmodium falciparum malaria in part by enhancing naturally-acquired immunity to this disease. To investigate this hypothesis, we compared antibody levels to four merozoite antigens from the P. falciparum 3D7 clone (apical membrane antigen 1, AMA1-3D7;(More)
In 2006, the Malian government established a program for free insecticide-treated net (ITNs) distribution during antenatal care visit (ANC) and intermittent preventive treatment during pregnancy with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (IPTp-SP) for pregnant women. In March to November of 2009, we conducted a cross-sectional study in peri-urban areas of Bamako, Mali(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine predictive factors of bronchial fistula following pneumonectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS In 14 years (1989-2003), we collect 58 cases of bronchial fistula following 725 consecutive pneumonectomy in the service of thoracic surgery of the Sainte Marguerite Hospital in Marseilles. There were 53 cases (91.4%) of cancers and 5 cases (8.6%)(More)
We realized a clinical study in 65 patients with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome, aged from 3 to 62 years old (mean, 34 years) (34 males and 31 females) interned or showed in consultations at the hospital Gabriel Touré in Bamako, Mali (departments of ENT diseases and of internal medicine), in order to analyse and to state precisely different(More)