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A large number of tiny noncoding RNAs have been cloned and named microRNAs (miRs). Recently, we have reported that miR-15a and miR-16a, located at 13q14, are frequently deleted and/or down-regulated in patients with B cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia, a disorder characterized by increased survival. To further investigate the possible involvement of miRs in(More)
BACKGROUND Sarcomatoid lung carcinomas are unusual, and reports from small single institution case series suggest poor survival rates. We sought to study the clinical characteristics of this form of non-small cell lung cancer using the Surveillance Epidemiology, End Results database. METHODS The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database was(More)
Prognostic markers that can predict the relapse of localized non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have yet to be defined. We surveyed expression profiles of microRNA (miRNA) in stage I NSCLC to identify patterns that might predict recurrence after surgical resection of this common deadly cancer. Small RNAs extracted from formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded(More)
BACKGROUND MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small, noncoding RNAs (ribonucleic acids) that regulate translation. Several miRNAs have been shown to be altered in whole cancer tissue compared to normal tissue when quantified by microarray. Based on previous such evidence of differential expression, we chose to study the functional significance of miRNAs miR-30a and(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate the promoter methylation status and loss of heterozygosity (LOH) of the SEMA3B in non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs). We analyzed the methylation status of semaphorin 3B (SEMA3B) promoter and LOH at 3p21.3 in eight NSCLC cell lines and 27 primary tumors. Hypermethylation of SEMA3B was found in 50% of the cell lines(More)
PURPOSE WWOX (WW domain containing oxidoreductase) is a tumor suppressor gene that maps to the common fragile site FRA16D. We showed previously that WWOX is frequently altered in human lung and esophageal cancers. The purpose of this study was to delineate more precisely the role of WWOX in pancreatic carcinogenesis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN We analyzed 15(More)
WWOX (WW domain containing oxidoreductase), a putative tumor suppressor gene that maps to the common fragile site FRA16D on chromosome 16q23.3-24.1, is altered in breast, esophageal, and ovarian cancer. Because the FRA3B/FHIT locus at 3p14.2 is a preferential target for genetic changes caused by tobacco smoke, we intended to evaluate the status of the(More)
The association of lung cancer with changes in microRNAs in plasma shown in multiple studies suggests a utility for circulating microRNA biomarkers in non-invasive detection of the disease. We examined if presence of lung cancer is reflected in whole blood microRNA expression as well, possibly because of a systemic response. Locked nucleic acid microarrays(More)
The fragile histidine triad (FHIT) gene at chromosome 3p14.2 is a tumor suppressor gene that is altered mainly by deletion in a large fraction of human tumors, including breast cancers. To evaluate the potential of FHIT gene therapy in this type of cancer, we have studied the biological effects of adenoviral FHIT transduction (Ad-FHIT) in breast cancer cell(More)
BACKGROUND The non-small cell lung cancer TNM classification system uses only the anatomic extent of lymph node (LN) metastases to define the N category. The number of LNs resected and the ratio of positive LNs to total examined LNs are prognostic in other solid tumors. We used the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Results database to investigate the(More)