Sai Mun Leong

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In up to one-third of patients with acute myeloid leukemia, a C-terminal frame-shift mutation results in abnormal and abundant cytoplasmic accumulation of the usually nucleoli-bound protein nucleophosmin (NPM), and this is thought to function in cancer pathogenesis. Here, we demonstrate a gain-of-function role for cytoplasmic NPM in the inhibition of(More)
Herein we present a lab-chip device for highly efficient and rapid detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) from whole blood samples. The device utilizes a microfabricated silicon microsieve with a densely packed pore array (10(5) pores per device) to rapidly separate tumor cells from whole blood, utilizing the size and deformability differences between(More)
Human wild type (WT) and mutant alpha-synuclein (alpha-syn) genes were overexpressed using a Tet-on expression system in stably transfected dopaminergic MN9D cells. Their overexpression induced caspase-independent and dopamine-related apoptosis not rescued by general caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK. While apoptosis due to overexpression of WT alpha-syn was(More)
Many have hypothesized that cell death in Parkinson’s disease is via apoptosis and, specifically, by the mitochondrial-mediated apoptotic pathway. We tested this hypothesis using a mouse dopaminergic cell line of mesencephalic origin, MN9D, challenged with the Parkinsonism-causing neurotoxin MPP+ (1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium ion). Apoptosis was the main(More)
The p53 gene has been implicated in many cancers due to its frequent mutations as well as mutations in other genes whose proteins directly affect p53's functions. In addition, high expression of p53 [wild-type (WT) or mutant] has been found in the cytoplasm of many tumor cells, and studies have associated these observations with more aggressive tumors and(More)
BACKGROUND Gastrointestinal symptoms and malabsorption following fructose ingestion (fructose intolerance) are common in functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGID). The underlying mechanism is unclear, but is hypothesized to be related an abnormality of intestinal fructose transporter proteins. OBJECTIVE To assess the expression of the main intestinal(More)
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are cells shed from tumors or metastatic sites and are a potential biomarker for cancer diagnosis, management, and prognostication. The majority of current studies use single or infrequent CTC sampling points. This strategy assumes that changes in CTC number, as well as phenotypic and molecular characteristics, are gradual(More)
OBJECTIVE We describe a case of spurious hyperthyroxinemia secondary to thyroid hormone autoantibodies (THAAbs) in a clinically euthyroid patient with Turner mosaic syndrome. METHODS Several commonly available laboratory-based approaches were used, which indicated a disproportionate elevation of free thyroxine (T4) and ultimately led to the diagnosis of(More)
Human endogenous retrovirus-H (HERV-H) is implicated in leukaemias and lymphomas, but the precise molecular mechanism underlying HERV-mediated carcinogenesis remains unknown. We determined the prevalence of HERV-H in a cross-section of the Singapore population and explored the relationship between HERV-H positivity and incidence rates for Hodgkin's lymphoma(More)