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Mycobacterium tuberculosis-macrophage interactions are key to pathogenesis and clearance of these bacteria. Although interactions between M. tuberculosis-associated lipids and TLRs, non-TLRs, and opsonic receptors have been investigated, interactions of these lipids and infected macrophage lipid repertoire with lipid-sensing nuclear receptors expressed in(More)
BACKGROUND Complexes of oleic acid (OA) with milk α-lactalbumin, received remarkable attention in view of their selective toxicity towards a spectrum of tumors during the last two decades. OA complexes of some structurally related/unrelated proteins are also tumoricidal. Erythrocytes are among the few differentiated cells that are sensitive and undergo(More)
31P-NMR has been used to monitor changes in intracellular pH following the sequential release of the block at first-meiotic prophase by hormones and the block at second-meiotic metaphase by fertilization in Rana eggs and oocytes. The broad phosphoprotein signal was eliminated by a combination of spin-echo and deconvolution techniques. pHi was determined(More)
Stem bromelain (SBM), a therapeutic protein, is rapidly absorbed across the gut epithelium. Because SBM encounters an alkaline pH at its principal site of absorption, we investigated the alkaline-induced denaturation of SBM. From pH 7 to 10, the protein's secondary structure remained the same, although a slight loss of tertiary structure was observed. Above(More)
Phospholipid metabolism in the presence of a subinhibitory concentration of cerulenin was studied in Mycobacterium smegmatis ATCC 607 by pulse labelling and subsequent chasing of radioactivity in phospholipids using [32P]orthophosphate. Cerulenin inhibited biosynthesis of total phospholipids to a significant level which is reflected equally in all the(More)
The orphan nuclear receptor Nr4a2 is known to modulate both inflammatory and metabolic processes, but the mechanism by which it regulates innate inflammatory homeostasis has not been adequately addressed. This study shows that exposure to ligands for Toll-like receptors (TLRs) robustly induces Nr4a2 and that this induction is tightly regulated by the(More)
The cell wall of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is configured of bioactive lipid classes that are essential for virulence and potentially involved in the formation of foamy macrophages (FMs) and granulomas. Our recent work established crosstalk between M. tuberculosis cell wall lipids and the host lipid-sensing nuclear receptor TR4. In this study, we have(More)
Nuclear receptors modulate macrophage effector functions, which are imperative for clearance or survival of mycobacterial infection. The adopted orphan nuclear receptor Rev-erbα is a constitutive transcriptional repressor as it lacks AF2 domain and was earlier shown to be present in macrophages. In the present study, we highlight the differences in the(More)
The ability of the active form of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1,25(OH)2D3), to transcriptionally modulate Smads to inhibit Th17 differentiation and experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) has not been adequately studied. This study reports modulation of Smad signaling by the specific binding of the VDR along with its heterodimeric partner(More)
Hypoxia induces barrier dysfunctions in endothelial cells. Nitric oxide is an autacoid signalling molecule that confers protection against hypoxia-mediated barrier dysfunctions. Dyn-2 (dynamin-2), a large GTPase and a positive modulator of eNOS (endothelial nitric oxide synthase), plays an important role in maintaining vascular homeostasis. The present(More)