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BACKGROUND CONTEXT Previously, the associations between leptin and adiponectin levels with bone mineral density (BMD) have been reported in different populations, and occasionally, controversial results have been demonstrated. Until now, these relationships in spinal cord-injured individuals have not yet been described. PURPOSE We tried to investigate the(More)
CONTEXT Omega-3 fatty acids have been recently proposed to induce neural improvement in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI) while affecting some hormones including leptin and adiponectin. OBJECTIVES We tried to evaluate the effect of omega-3 fatty acids on circulatory concentrations of leptin and adiponectin among these patients. DESIGN This study is(More)
OBJECTIVES We described the associations between demographic and injury-related factors on bone mineral density (BMD) of the spine and the hip among adult patients with chronic spinal cord injury (SCI). DESIGN BMD in spinal and femoral bone sites were assessed. Multivariate analysis was performed to evaluate the relationship between anthropometric and(More)
BACKGROUND Health-related quality-of-life (HR-QOL) may be affected by various factors including injury-related characteristics among individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). However, the impact of the influence of these variables has not yet been fully described in Iranian population. Here, we assessed the relationships between injury-related(More)
Purpose. The association between serum lipids and bone mineral density (BMD) has been investigated previously but, up to now, these relationships have not yet been described in spinal cord injury (SCI). We tried to assess the correlation between serum triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), and low-density lipoprotein(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Bone loss after spinal cord injury (SCI) occurs because of pathologic changes in osteoblastic and osteoclastic activities due to mechanical unloading. Some biochemical changes in bone metabolism after SCI are described before that were related to bone mineral loss. PURPOSE Our purpose was to determine bone markers' changes and related(More)
OBJECTIVES Although the importance of sense of coherence (SOC) and psychological defense mechanisms (PDMs) in the process of coping has been demonstrated, it has not yet been clarified whether individuals with stronger SOC use specific PDMs. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional. SETTING Iran. METHODS Demographic and injury-related variables including injury(More)
OBJECTIVES Usage of 308-nm excimer laser (EL) is an effective treatment in vitiligo. As genetic predispositions along with type of skin and rate of sun exposure are known factors influencing the treatment outcomes, we tried to evaluate the treatment results of using 308 nm-excimer laser alone in comparison with the combined therapy of EL and topical(More)