Sahar Al-Mahdawi

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Machado-Joseph disease (MJD; MIM 109150) is a late-onset neurodegenerative disorder caused by the expansion of a polyglutamine tract within the MJD1 gene. We have previously reported the generation of human yeast artificial chromosome (YAC) constructs encompassing the MJD1 locus into which expanded (CAG)(76) and (CAG)(84) repeat motifs have been introduced(More)
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is caused by a homozygous GAA repeat expansion mutation within intron 1 of the FXN gene, leading to reduced expression of frataxin protein. Evidence suggests that the mutation may induce epigenetic changes and heterochromatin formation, thereby impeding gene transcription. In particular, studies using FRDA patient blood and(More)
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is a neurodegenerative disorder caused by an unstable GAA repeat expansion mutation within intron 1 of the FXN gene. However, the origins of the GAA repeat expansion, its unstable dynamics within different cells and tissues, and its effects on frataxin expression are not yet completely understood. Therefore, we have chosen to(More)
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is an inherited neurodegenerative disorder caused by GAA repeat expansion within the FXN gene, leading to epigenetic changes and heterochromatin-mediated gene silencing that result in a frataxin protein deficit. Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors, including pimelic o-aminobenzamide compounds 106, 109 and 136, have previously been(More)
OBJECTIVE Friedreich's ataxia patients are homozygous for expanded alleles of a GAA triplet-repeat sequence in the FXN gene. Patients develop progressive ataxia due to primary neurodegeneration involving the dorsal root ganglia (DRGs). The selective neurodegeneration is due to the sensitivity of DRGs to frataxin deficiency; however, the progressive nature(More)
BACKGROUND Friedreich ataxia (FRDA), the most common autosomal recessive ataxia disorder, is caused by a dynamic GAA repeat expansion mutation within intron 1 of FXN gene, resulting in down-regulation of frataxin expression. Studies of cell and mouse models have revealed a role for the mismatch repair (MMR) MutS-heterodimer complexes and the PMS2 component(More)
We have generated and characterised transgenic mice that contain the entire Friedreich's ataxia gene (FRDA) within a human YAC clone of 370 kb. In an effort to overcome the embryonic lethality of homozygous Frda knockout mice and to study the behaviour of human frataxin in a mouse cellular environment, we bred the FRDA YAC transgene onto the null mouse(More)
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is primarily caused by an unstable GAA repeat-expansion mutation within intron 1 of the FRDA gene. However, the exact mechanisms leading to this expansion and its consequences are not fully understood. To study the dynamics of this mutation, we have generated two lines of human FRDA YAC transgenic mice that contain GAA repeat(More)
Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is a lethal autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder caused primarily by a homozygous GAA repeat expansion mutation within the first intron of the FXN gene, leading to inhibition of FXN transcription and thus reduced frataxin protein expression. Recent studies have shown that epigenetic marks, comprising chemical modifications(More)
EDITOR—Friedreich’s ataxia (FRDA, MIM 229300) is an autosomal recessive, progressive, neurodegenerative disorder. It is the most common of all hereditary ataxias, with an estimated prevalence of 1 in 50 000, and a carrier frequency calculated to be as high as 1 in 90 in white populations. Onset normally occurs between 8 and 15 years of age, presenting as(More)