Sahar Ahmad Ismail

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Prenatal alcohol exposure can lead to a wide range of adverse effects on a developing fetus. As a whole, these teratogenic outcomes are generally known as fetal alcohol spectrum disorders, the most severe of which is fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). Clinically, children diagnosed with FAS vary greatly in their presentation of symptoms, likely due to the amount(More)
BACKGROUND An accurate initial biopsy of the deepest portion of the melanoma is vital to the management of patients with melanomas. OBJECTIVE Our goal was to evaluate the accuracy of preliminary biopsies performed by a group of predominantly experienced dermatologists (n = 46/72). METHODS A total of 145 cases of cutaneous melanoma were examined(More)
The definitive diagnosis of mycosis fungoides (MF)-type cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) is difficult because a cumulative set of information is typically required: clinical features, histopathology, and special diagnostic tests (typically immunophenotyping and T-cell receptor gamma [TCRgamma] gene rearrangement). Fresh tissue is not always available for(More)
The biological mechanism underlying cryosurgical treatment of keloids remains unclear. Transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-β1) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of keloids and was reported to be the target of several therapeutic modalities. However, the effect of cryosurgery on its expression in keloid tissue has not been yet investigated. In this(More)
BACKGROUND Vitiligo patients repeatedly experience disinterest from the medical world regarding their disease as it does not cause physical impairment. Several therapeutic options are available for vitiligo management. OBJECTIVES The aim is to study vitiligo management strategy in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia (KSA) as indicated by dermatologists and as(More)
BACKGROUND The existing literature is contradictory regarding effects of female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) on sexual functions. The aim of this study was to explore the impact of type I and II FGM/C on sexual function of Egyptian women. METHODS We recruited 197 cut women and 197 control women from those visiting Assiut University hospitals for(More)
In this paper, we propose an educational system for children with special needs. The system is based on multimedia technology to teach the children in an interactive and innovative way. It uses formal concepts analysis and a simple ontology to extract the keywords from texts related to the animals and foods domains. We link these keywords with multimedia(More)
We have selectively targeted monocyte/macrophages overexpressing an immunomodulatory molecule, latency-associated peptide (LAP), a naturally occurring antagonist for transforming growth factor-beta1, to murine skin utilizing UV light to produce a cutaneous influx of transduced monocyte/macrophages. Bone marrow (BM) cells from BALB/c mice were transduced in(More)
BACKGROUND Melasma is a common challenging pigmentary skin disorder especially in dark-skinned females urging them to seek medical help. Many modalities of treatment are available, but none is satisfactory. OBJECTIVE To compare safety and efficacy of combined trichloroacetic acid (TCA) (20%-25%) and Jessner's solution versus TCA (20%-25%) alone in dark(More)