Sahar A. Fathallah-Shaykh

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BACKGROUND While some studies have reported that IgA nephropathy has a relatively benign clinical course in children, others have shown that renal outcomes of paediatric patients with IgA nephropathy followed into adulthood are similar to those of patients diagnosed as adults. Some of this variability may be related to differences in histologic severity of(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Congenital anomalies of the kidney and urinary tract and genetic disorders cause most cases of CKD in children. This study evaluated the relationships between baseline proteinuria and BP and longitudinal changes in GFR in children with these nonglomerular causes of CKD. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS Urine(More)
Uric acid, the end product of purine metabolism, is excreted predominantly by the proximal tubules. Abnormal serum levels of uric acid are due to alterations in production or excretion. Fractional excretion of uric acid is helpful in determining the underlying etiology of hypouricemia or hyperuricemia in children. Abnormalities in the molecular mechanisms(More)
Dent disease is an X-linked recessive renal tubular disorder characterized by low molecular weight proteinuria, hypercalciuria, nephrocalcinosis, nephrolithiasis, and progressive renal failure (MIM 300009). A recent case series identified four patients with CLCN5 mutations who presented with nephrotic-range proteinuria, histologic evidence of focal(More)
There is limited knowledge of the effectiveness and safety profile of cinacalcet in pediatric patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT) treated with dialysis. This was an open-label, single-dose study conducted on 12 pediatric subjects with chronic kidney disease treated with dialysis. Subjects were stratified by four age cohorts and given a single(More)
Providing renal support for small children is very challenging using the machinery currently available in the United States. As the extracorporeal volume (ECV) relative to blood volume increases and the state of critical illness worsens, the chance for instability during continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) initiation also increases. CRRT machines(More)
Proteinuria in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common and its etiology differs from that in adults. How proteinuria influences the rate of progression of CKD has been analyzed in multiple retrospective clinical studies and more recently in a few prospective ones. In this review I summarize the results, strengths and weaknesses of each of these(More)
Elevated whole-blood viscosity (WBV) is a risk factor for atherosclerosis and thrombosis. We analyzed WBV during hemodialysis (HD) in children and tested the hypothesis that sodium modeling (NaM) attenuates an increase in WBV. Each of six children underwent two control (C) and two NaM HD sessions, B and E. Rapid decline in sodium (Na) concentration occurred(More)