Saffron Ann Whitehead

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There is evidence that certain phytoestrogens inhibit aromatase, the enzyme that converts androgens to oestrogens. Kinetic studies in cell-free preparations show that they may inhibit aromatase by competitive binding to the enzyme, but there is a paucity of studies investigating longer-term effects of phytoestrogens on the expression of steroidogenic(More)
BACKGROUND: Studies using puri®ed enzyme preparations, placental microsomes or cell lines have shown that certain phytoestrogens can inhibit the enzymes that convert androgens to estrogens, namely aromatase and 17b-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (HSD) type 1 and type 5. The study aim was to investigate the effects of selected phy-toestrogens on aromatase and(More)
1. Electrophysiological experiments have been performed on intact cycling female rats to investigate the neural connexions that exist between the medial forebrain bundle, the anterior hypothalamic region, which included the preoptic area, and the basal hypothalamus. Recordings have been made from a total of 351 neurones in the anterior hypothalamus of which(More)
There is evidence that certain phytoestrogens can inhibit key steroidogenic enzymes although most studies have been carried out on microsomal or purified enzyme preparations, some using cell lines. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that low doses of phytoestrogens, at concentrations that would be attained through the diet, could inhibit(More)
Phytoestrogens are used as 'natural' alternatives to HRT and, although epidemiological evidence implies that diets rich in phytoestrogens reduce the incidence of breast cancer, their weak oestrogenicity is also known to stimulate growth in experimental models of breast cancer. This review addresses the question as to how phytoestrogens may protect against(More)
Defects in epigenetic regulation of gene transcription play an important role in carcinogenesis of the breast and other tissues. The two most widely studied epigenetic changes are DNA methylation and acetylation of histone proteins and inhibition of these processes inhibits growth in breast cancer cell lines. These data coupled with the evidence that fetal(More)
The reduced incidence of breast cancer in certain Eastern countries has been attributed to high soy diets although this evidence is simply epidemiological. One of the major constituents of soy is genistein, but paradoxically this phytoestrogen binds to oestrogen receptors and stimulates growth at concentrations that would be achieved by a high soy diet, but(More)
Histological studies have demonstrated that polycystic ovaries (PCO) contain increased numbers of preantral follicles with a specific increase in primary follicles. Polycystic ovary syndrome is associated with hyperandrogenism and pre- and postnatal androgenization of primates increases the pool of growing follicles producing changes resembling PCO. In(More)
Pituitary glands of pro-oestrous and oestrous rats were perifused in series with isolated ovarian follicles and the luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) responses to gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) were measured. Pituitary glands from pro-oestrous rats, perifused with the effluent medium from isolated preovulatory follicles,(More)
Chronic ovariectomized rats treated neonatally with MSG showed reduced circulating concentrations of LH coupled with elevated hypothalamic LHRH stores. Despite the apparent loss of LHRH secretion, the small pituitary glands showed an increased density of LHRH receptors and normal responsiveness to the releasing hormone. The positive feedback effects of(More)