Saemi Obitsu

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Carotenoids are produced by a variety of organisms, but the mechanisms that regulate gene expression leading to carotenoid biosynthesis have been characterized for only a few organisms. In this study, we found that Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2), a gram-positive filamentous bacterium, produces carotenoids under blue light induction. The carotenoid fraction(More)
Poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase-1 (PARP-1) is thought to be required for apoptosis-inducing factor (AIF) release from mitochondria in caspase-independent apoptosis. The mechanism by which AIF is released through PARP-1 remains unclear. Here, we provide evidence that PARP-1-independent AIF release and cell death are induced by a trienoic fatty acid,(More)
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) causes a lung disease with high mortality. In addition, osteonecrosis and bone abnormalities with reduced bone density have been observed in patients following recovery from SARS, which were partly but not entirely explained by the short-term use of steroids. Here, we demonstrate that human monocytes,(More)
Formation of α-synuclein aggregates is a key step in Parkinson's disease pathogenesis although the etiology remains elusive. α-Synuclein is accumulated in degenerating neurons, leading to the production of filamentous inclusions such as Lewy bodies. However, the in vitro overexpression of α-synuclein alone failed to induce inclusion bodies consisting of(More)
RIP1 is a serine/threonine kinase, which is involved in apoptosis and necroptosis. In apoptosis, caspase-8 and FADD have an important role. On the other hand, RIP3 is a key molecule in necroptosis. Recently, we reported that eleostearic acid (ESA) elicits caspase-3- and PARP-1-independent cell death, although ESA-treated cells mediate typical apoptotic(More)
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