Saeko Tada-Oikawa

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Inflammation-mediated DNA damage triggered by Opisthorchis viverrini (OV) infection is a major risk factor of cholangiocarcinoma (CCA). We have recently reported that nitrative and oxidative DNA damage participates in CCA development caused by repeated infection with OV [Pinlaor et al., Carcinogenesis 2004; 25:1535-42]. Therefore, to clarify the preventive(More)
The main anticancer action of doxorubicin (DOX) is believed to be due to topoisomerase II inhibition and free radical generation. Our previous study has demonstrated that TAS-103, a topoisomerase inhibitor, induces apoptosis through DNA cleavage and subsequent H(2)O(2) generation mediated by NAD(P)H oxidase activation [H. Mizutani et al. J. Biol. Chem. 277(More)
Rotenone, an inhibitor of NADH dehydrogenase complex, is a naturally occurring insecticide, which is capable of inducing apoptosis. Rotenone-induced apoptosis is considered to contribute to its anticancer effect and the etiology of Parkinson's disease (PD). We demonstrated that rotenone induced internucleosomal DNA fragmentation, DNA ladder formation, in(More)
It has been reported that p53 acetylation, which promotes cellular senescence, can be regulated by the NAD(+)-dependent deacetylase SIRT1, the human homolog of yeast Sir2, a protein that modulates lifespan. To clarify the role of SIRT1 in cellular senescence induced by oxidative stress, we treated normal human diploid fibroblast TIG-3 cells with H(2)O(2)(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are known to participate in neurodegeneration after ischemia-reperfusion. With the aid of ROS, the calpain-induced lysosomal rupture provokes ischemic neuronal death in the cornu Ammonis (CA) 1 of the hippocampus; however, the target proteins of ROS still remain unknown. Here a proteomic analysis was done to identify and(More)
Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDC) are ubiquitous in environment and may have various undesirable effects on human health. In the present study, we have shown that some EDC [benzophenone, p-octylphenol, and tributyltin chloride (TBT)] promoted strong Th2 polarization via suppression and augmentation of Th1 and Th2 development, respectively, from naive(More)
TAS-103, a new anticancer drug, induces DNA cleavage by inhibiting the activities of topoisomerases I and II. We investigated the mechanism of TAS-103-induced apoptosis in human cell lines. Pulsed field gel electrophoresis revealed that in the leukemia cell line HL-60 and the H(2)O(2)-resistant subclone, HP100, TAS-103 induced DNA cleavage to form 1-2-Mb(More)
A new member of the TNF family, tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL), has been shown to induce apoptosis. However, the mechanism for TRAIL-induced apoptosis remains to be clarified. SDS-PAGE and Western blot analysis showed that cleavage of Bid was induced by a 1-h incubation of BJAB cells with TRAIL and was blocked by a caspase-8(More)
We investigated the mechanism of apoptosis induced by bafilomycin A(1), an inhibitor of vacuolar H(+)-ATPase. Bafilomycin A(1) significantly inhibited the growth of MKN-1 human gastric cancer cells. Bafilomycin A(1) induced apoptosis as demonstrated by DNA ladder formation and the TUNEL method. We designed a flow cytometric assay to detect the alteration in(More)
Opisthorchis viverrini infection induces inflammation in and around the bile duct, leading to cholangiocarcinoma in humans. To examine the mechanism of O. viverrini-induced inflammatory response, we assessed the expression of Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in RAW 264.7 macrophage cell line treated with an extract of O. viverrini antigen. Flow cytometry and(More)