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An acquired genetic instability, resulting from the loss of some types of DNA repair, is an early event in the development of a subset of human cancers. The involvement of BRCA1 and BRCA2 in the homologous recombination repair (HRR) of double-strand breaks in DNA implicates this pathway in the suppression of breast cancer. A family of proteins related to(More)
BACKGROUND Bone marrow-derived endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) are critical for metastatic progression. This study explores the effect of tetrathiomolybdate (TM), an anti-angiogenic copper chelator, on EPCs in patients at high risk for breast cancer recurrence. PATIENTS AND METHODS This phase 2 study enrolled breast cancer patients with stage 3 and(More)
Previous studies have suggested that minor alleles for ERCC4 rs744154, TNF rs361525, CASP10 rs13010627, PGR rs1042838, and BID rs8190315 may influence breast cancer risk, but the evidence is inconclusive due to their small sample size. These polymorphisms were genotyped in more than 30,000 breast cancer cases and 30,000 controls, primarily of European(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the safety and efficacy of durvalumab, a human monoclonal antibody that binds programmed cell death ligand-1 (PD-L1), and the role of PD-L1 expression on clinical response in patients with advanced urothelial bladder cancer (UBC). METHODS A phase 1/2 multicenter, open-label study is being conducted in patients with inoperable or(More)
The XRCC3 variant T241M, but not D213N, has been reported to be associated with an increased risk of some cancers. XRCC3 is one out of five RAD51 paralogues and is involved in homologous recombination, as are the BRCA1 and BRCA2 proteins. However, in contrast to mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2, the XRCC3(T241M) protein is proficient in homologous recombination(More)
Inherited mutations of the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes, whose protein products are necessary for the homology-directed DNA repair pathway, confer a dominant susceptibility to cancer. We have investigated whether mutations of genes encoding other components of the same DNA repair pathway can also affect cancer susceptibility. We have identified three novel(More)
PURPOSE Novel antitumor therapies against the PI3K-AKT-mTOR pathway are increasingly used to treat cancer, either as single agents or in combination with chemotherapy or other targeted therapies. Although these agents are not known to be myelosuppressive, an increased risk of infection has been reported with rapamycin analogues. However, the risk of(More)
410 Background: Human colon stem cells share phenotypic hallmarks of self-renewal and proliferation that are associated with tumor cells. Lgr5 is a marker of colon stem cells and not colon differentiated cells. In mice, deletion of the adenomatous polyposis coli gene in colon stem cells but not in colon differentiated cells, rapidly gives rise to(More)
Talazoparib inhibits PARP catalytic activity, trapping PARP1 on damaged DNA and causing cell death in BRCA1/2-mutated cells. We evaluated talazoparib therapy in this two-part, phase I, first-in-human trial. Antitumor activity, MTD, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of once-daily talazoparib were determined in an open-label, multicenter, dose-escalation(More)
BACKGROUND PI3K-AKT-mTOR inhibitors (PAMi) are promising anticancer treatments. Hyperglycaemia is a mechanism-based toxicity of these agents and is becoming increasingly important with their use in larger numbers of patients. METHODS Retrospective case-control study comparing incidence and severity of hyperglycaemia (all grades) between a case group of(More)