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Dear Editor: Anti-sperm antibodies (ASAs) are composed of numerous antibodies interacting with multiple sperm antigens that play a role in fertility. In males, ASAs cause 'immune infertility' by decreasing sperm counts and normal forms, as well as reducing sperm motility and viability, markedly reducing the likelihood of natural conception [1]. The(More)
BACKGROUND It is extensively supposed that vegetarian diet could affect cancer progress and increase the influence of formal chemotherapy. OBJECTIVES The present study was designed to determine the effect of the ethanol Bane skin extract against chemo resistant prostate cancer PC3 cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS PC3 and L929 cells were cultivated and then(More)
BACKGROUND The involvement of multiple genes and missing heritability, which are dominant in complex diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS), entail using network biology to better elucidate their molecular basis and genetic factors. We therefore aimed to integrate interactome (protein-protein interaction (PPI)) and transcriptomes data to construct and(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic hepatitis B is one of the most common causes of cirrhosis and hepatocellular toxicity in many countries, including Iran. Cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) and Natural killer (NK) cells are the two of main cell populations considered as cytotoxic cells. One of the distinct pathways CTL and NK cells exert cytotoxicity is perforin/granzyme. After(More)
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