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Anti-estrogen therapy has been shown to reduce mammographic breast density (MD). We hypothesized that a short-term change in breast density may be a surrogate biomarker predicting response to adjuvant endocrine therapy (ET) in breast cancer. We analyzed data for 1,065 estrogen receptor (ER)-positive breast cancer patients who underwent surgery between 2003(More)
BACKGROUND Epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) has been shown to exert a synergistic antitumor effect when combined with fluoropyrimidine. This synergy may be attributable to the downregulation of thymidylate synthase (TS), which is frequently overexpressed in fluoropyrimidine-resistant cancer cells. However, the molecular(More)
BACKGROUND Studies about the biology, treatment pattern, and treatment outcome of metastatic/recurrent neuroendocrine tumor (NET) have been few. METHODS We enrolled patients with metastatic/recurrent NET diagnosed between January 1996 and July 2007 and retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS A total of 103 patients were evaluated. Twenty-six patients (25.2%)(More)
INTRODUCTION Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) has a poorer survival, despite a higher response rate to neoadjuvant chemotherapy. The purpose of this study was to identify the predictive or prognostic value of Ki-67 among patients with TNBC treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy, and the role of Ki-67 in further classification of TNBC. METHODS A total(More)
BACKGROUND Triple-negative (TN) breast cancer, which is defined as being negative for the estrogen receptor (ER), the progesterone receptor (PR), and the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2), represents a subset of breast cancer with different biologic behaviour. We investigated the clinicopathologic characteristics and prognostic indicators of(More)
Aberrations of Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT signaling are frequently observed in many types of cancer, promoting its emergence as a promising target for cancer treatment. PI3K can become activated by various pathways, one of which includes RAS. RAS can not only directly activate the PI3K/AKT pathway via binding(More)
Central nerve system (CNS) metastases are a feared complication of breast cancer and are associated with poor prognosis. The purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical characteristics of CNS metastases and to clarify the prognostic factors after CNS metastases in breast cancer at a single institution over a long time period. We retrospectively(More)
BACKGROUND Identification of predictive biomarkers is essential for the successful development of targeted therapy. Insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF1R) has been examined as a potential therapeutic target for various cancers. However, recent clinical trials showed that anti-IGF1R antibody and chemotherapy are not effective for treating lung cancer.(More)
BACKGROUND The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of infusional 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), folinic acid and oxaliplatin (modified FOLFOX-6) in patients with advanced gastric cancer (AGC), as first-line palliative combination chemotherapy. We also analyzed the predictive or prognostic value of germline polymorphisms of candidate(More)
PURPOSE Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A, VEGF165b, interleukin (IL)-1β, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 are known to influence tumor angiogenesis. Clinical implications of these cytokines need to be elucidated. MATERIALS AND METHODS Using clinical data and baseline serum samples of 140 consecutive patients with advanced non-small cell(More)