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AIMS D-Galactose (D-gal) induced accelerated senescence has been used to develop an aging model for brain. Previously, long term administration of a wide range of doses has been used for this purpose. In the present study we investigate whether short term administration of a high dose of D-gal in rats induces significant signs and symptoms similar to(More)
Oxidative stress from generation of increased reactive oxygen species or free radicals of oxygen has been reported to play an important role in the aging. To investigate the relationship between the oxidative stress and memory decline during aging, we have determined the level of lipid peroxidation, activities of antioxidant enzymes, and activity of(More)
The seeds of Nigella sativa L., commonly known as black seed or black cumin, and its extracts are used in folk medicine in the Middle East and in Asian countries for the promotion of good health and as a remedy for many ailments. These seeds have many acclaimed medicinal properties such as broncho-dilatory, immunopotentiating, analgesic, anti-inflammatory,(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effect of non-selective 5-HT2C antagonist mesulergine and 5-HT2C agonist mCPP (metachlorophenylpiperazine) on learning acquisition (LA), short-term memory (STM) and long-term memory (LTM). STUDY DESIGN Experimental study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY Department of Biochemistry, University of Karachi, from December 2009 to June(More)
Lead toxicity is known to induce a broad range of physiological, biochemical and behavioral dysfunctions that may result in adverse effects on several organs, including the central nervous system. Long-term exposure to low levels of lead (Pb2+) has been shown to produce behavioral deficits in rodents and humans by affecting hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal(More)
Olive oil is the major component of the Mediterranean diet and has rich history of nutritional and medicinal uses. In the present study, the antidepressant and anxiolytic effects and their neurochemical basis following repeated administration of extravirgin olive oil were monitored. Male albino Wistar rats were used during study. Animals of test group were(More)
Aging is a process that presents various alterations in physiological, behavioral and neurochemical processes. It causes impairment of CNS functions which lead to changes in memory, cognition and other behavioral performances. Reports have shown that aging causes neurochemical alterations in various physiological functions. The aim of the present study was(More)
Caffeine administration has been shown to enhance performance and memory in rodents and humans while its withdrawal on the other hand produces neurobehavioral deficits which are thought to be mediated by alterations in monoamines neurotransmission. A role of decreased brain 5-HT (5-hydroxytryptamine, serotonin) levels has been implicated in impaired(More)
Mankind is exposed to a number of stressors, and among them noise is one which can cause intense stress. High levels of background noise can severely impair one's ability to concentrate. The present study was aimed to investigate the effect of sub-chronic noise stress on cognitive behavior and hippocampal monoamine levels in male rats. The study was(More)
BACKGROUND Life style is known to influence health and may be responsible for certain diseases. There is a need to document the life style on health among the Pakistani population. METHODS The study was conducted on patients visiting the Family Practice Center, the Aga Khan University, Karachi. A questionnaire was used to collect information on the(More)