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BACKGROUND Pakistan is highly vulnerable to climate change due to its geographic location, high dependence on agriculture and water resources, low adaptive capacity of its people, and weak system of emergency preparedness. This paper is the first ever attempt to rank the agro-ecological zones in Pakistan according to their vulnerability to climate change(More)
BACKGROUND Poor maternal and infant health indicators are mostly concentrated among low income households in Pakistan and health care expenditures - especially on medical emergencies - are the most common income shocks experienced by the poor. Public investments in health are therefore considered as pro-poor interventions by the government of Pakistan. This(More)
BACKGROUND The present study is intended to compare and document the therapeutic flora, their remedial use, and the traditional knowledge used frequently by the residents of the Cholistan desert and Pothwar (Potohar) Plateau of Punjab, Pakistan. The old endemic remedies of these areas are diminishing due to lack of qualitative and quantitative research. (More)
Thomas Schelling's famous Segregation Model explains how ghettos can emerge due to simple behavioral rules followed by individuals, i.e. to stay only in a neighborhood of similar people. The system enters a turmoil state when individuals seek to live in a neighborhood where similar people are in overwhelming majority, i.e. above 75%, because individual's(More)
FPGA devices provide flexible, fast, and low-cost prototyping and production solutions for system design. However, as the design complexity continues to rise, the design and synthesis iterations become a labor intensive and time consuming ordeal. Consequently, it becomes imperative to raise the level of abstraction for FPGA designs, while providing insight(More)
State and nonstate health programs in developing countries are often influenced by priorities that are defined in the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). In the wake of recessionary pressures, policy makers in the health sector are often seen to divert significant budgets to some specific health programs and make only token allocations for other health(More)
INTRODUCTION The goal of this project is to impose a peer-to-peer (P2P) data grid on a set of LabVIEW (LV) nodes. LV nodes, in this context, are data acquisition sensors that access live data. This data is published over the network via a publish-subscribe protocol used by these sensors, and any client who knows the physical address of these sensors can(More)
LabVIEW is a graphical programming tool based on the dataflow language G. Recently, runtime support for a hard real time environment has become available for LabVIEW, which makes it an option for embedded system prototyping. Due to its characteristics, the environment presents itself as an ideal tool for both the design and implementation of embedded(More)
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