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Neurobiological mechanisms invoking the release of endogenous opioids and depression of stress hormone release are believed to be the basis of acupuncture analgesia. This study compared plasma beta-endorphin and cortisol levels with self assessment scores of intensity of pain, before and after 10 days of electro-acupuncture treatment in patients suffering(More)
BACKGROUND Prophylaxis of deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is underutilised in Pakistan. This cross-sectional survey was designed to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practices of healthcare providers towards DVT prophylaxis in teaching hospitals in and around Rawalpindi. METHODS Knowledge, attitude and practices was assessed by a 12-item questionnaire filled-in(More)
Introduction: The purpose of this study was to improve communication skills and knowledge of bioethics of last year medical students doing clerkship and to evaluate the effectiveness of using workshops for this purpose from students’ point of view, in order to continue such programs in future. Methods: After Ethical approval for the study a two-day workshop(More)
BACKGROUND Problem based learning (PBL) tutorials are being used in various medical schools world wide. Students' active participation is a must for the success of a teaching program. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of PBL Wrap-up sessions in an integrated modular medical curriculum in enhancing the generic skills of medical(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the operational efficiency of the ethical review committee of a medical college. METHODS This study was conducted at the Foundation University Medical College, Islamabad, Pakistan, from 2012 to 2014. On the basis of literature review, methods for assessment of various features of ethical review committee were studied. A(More)
Background: Ghrelin is a 28-amino acid acylated peptide released from the enteroendocrine cells of stomach. Aim of the study was to find out the possible beneficial role of ghrelin in erythropoiesis of myelosuppressed rats and its possible mediator. Methods: This randomized control trial was carried out at the Department of Physiology Foundation University(More)
A study was planned to explore and evaluate the role of senior peers in the learning process of their juniors during a Research Methodology workshop, and to assess educational advantages for seniors in leading roles. Twenty medical students participated with 15 juniors (1st to 3rd year) and 5 seniors (final/fourth year) divided into 5 groups with one senior(More)
OBJECTIVE To identify possible learning targets of undergraduates who opted for local and foreign medical electives and to quantify their level of achievement. METHODS The cross-sectional study was conducted at Foundation University Medical College, Islamabad, in February 2014, and apprised undergraduates of either gender from second to final year MBBS(More)
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