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Although speech motor control has been studied intensively in normal-hearing and hearing-impaired (HI) speakers in America and Europe, essentially no research has been performed using Persian-speaking participants. A total of 46 prelingual hearing-impaired 15-18-year-old males and 15 normally hearing control participants from Iran participated in the study.(More)
Previous studies have indicated significant differences in vocal parameters between children with Down syndrome and normal children. This study was performed to see whether there is a significant dissociation between normal adults and adults with Down syndrome in terms of some vocal parameters. The participants were 22 adults with Down syndrome and 22(More)
UNLABELLED There is a pressing need in Iran for the translation of widely used speech-language assessment tools into Persian. This study reports the interjudge and intrajudge reliability of a Persian translation of the Stuttering Severity Instrument-3 (SSI-3) (Riley, 1994). There was greater than 80% interjudge and intrajudge agreement on scale scores for(More)
BACKGROUND In this systematic review, the aim is to investigate different VHI-30 versions between languages regarding their validity, reliability and their translation process. METHODS Articles were extracted systematically from some of the prime databases including Cochrane, googlescholar, MEDLINE (via PubMed gate), Sciencedirect, Web of science, and(More)
BACKGROUND Repeated efforts by researchers to impose voice changes by laryngeal surface electrical stimulation (SES) have come to no avail. This present pre-experimental study employed a novel method for SES application so as to evoke the motor potential of the internal superior laryngeal nerve (ISLN) and create voice changes. METHODS Thirty-two normal(More)
OBJECTIVES Teachers are at increased risk for development of voice disorders. Because there is no published study on Iranian teachers, the aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of voice disorders among teachers and nonteachers in Iran and define the causing risk factors. METHODS In the present study, 104 teachers and 41 nonteacher participants,(More)
According to most previous studies, inducing movements in internal laryngeal muscles by transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) was impossible. However, the movements have been reported after using needle electrodes inserted into the internal superior laryngeal nerve (ISLN). Herein, we aimed to apply an innovative TES protocol to cause movements in(More)
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