Sadayuki Matsumoto

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Dystonia is a neurological syndrome characterized by sustained muscle contractions that produce repetitive twisting movements or abnormal postures. X-linked recessive dystonia parkinsonism (XDP; DYT3; Lubag) is an adult-onset disorder that manifests severe and progressive dystonia with a high frequency of generalization. In search for the anatomical basis(More)
Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) and associated NMO spectrum disorders (NMOSDs) are neuroinflammatory diseases that frequently result in severe neurological disabilities. The aim of this study was to explore additional treatment options for NMO/NMOSD patients who are seropositive for anti-aquaporin 4 (AQP4) antibodies. We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy of(More)
BACKGROUND ALS exclusively involves motor neurons, however, accumulating evidence suggests involvement of sympathetic neurons, as in other diseases including Parkinson's disease and multiple system atrophy. In these diseases increased risk of sudden cardiac arrest is established, while that in ALS remains uncertain. METHODS The authors retrospectively(More)
Idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH) is a treatable cause of dementia, gait disturbance, and urinary incontinence in elderly patients with ventriculomegaly. Its unique morphological feature, called disproportionately enlarged subarachnoid-space hydrocephalus (DESH), may also be a diagnostic feature. Lipocalin-type prostaglandin D synthase(More)
Topographical or compartmental involvement of the putamen and caudate nucleus has not been fully elucidated in multiple system atrophy predominantly presenting with Parkinsonism (MSA-P). We carried out immunohistochemical studies using antibodies to calbindin (CALB) and calcineurin (CaN) as neurochemical markers for striatal medium spiny neurons. We found(More)
OBJECT Accurate localization of the subthalamic nucleus (STN) is important for proper placement of the electrodes in deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery for patients with advanced Parkinson disease. The authors evaluated the accuracy of our modified composite targeting method and the value of using high-field MR imaging for targeting the STN. METHODS(More)
Using antibodies to calcineurin (CaN) and choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), we performed topographical and cellular immunohistochemical analysis on the posterior putamen of autopsied patients with multiple system atrophy with predominant parkinsonism (MSA-P). We document that in these patients, medium spiny neurons positive for CaN were severely depleted in(More)
Pael receptor (Pael-R) has been identified as one of the substrates of Parkin, a ubiquitin ligase responsible for autosomal recessive juvenile Parkinsonism (AR-JP). When Parkin is inactivated, unfolded Pael-R accumulates in the endoplasmic reticulum and results in neuronal death by unfolded protein stress, suggesting that Pael-R has an important role in the(More)
Lymphomatosis cerebri (LC) is a rare form of primary central nervous system lymphoma characterized by subacute progressive dementia and unsteady gait. MRI study of LC typically reveals diffuse leukoencephalopathy without contrast enhancement. The clinical presentation and MRI features of LC can resemble infectious, inflammatory, toxic or vascular(More)