Sadatoshi Sakuma

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Midkine (MK), a heparin-binding growth factor, binds strongly to oversulfated structures in chondroitin sulfates (CSs) and heparan sulfate. To elucidate the carbohydrate structure actually involved in the strong binding, dissected brains from 13-day mouse embryos were incubated with [14C]-glucosamine. The labeled glycosaminoglycans were fractionated by(More)
BACKGROUND Midkine (MK) is a heparin-binding growth factor involved in diverse biological phenomena, eg, neural survival, carcinogenesis, and tissue repair. MK could have a protective action against ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury in the heart, because MK was shown to have cytoprotective activity in cultured neurons and tumor cells. We investigated this(More)
Cardiac remodeling is thought to be the major cause of chronic heart dysfunction after myocardial infarction (MI). However, molecules involved in this process have not been thoroughly elucidated. In this study we investigated the long-term effects of the growth factor midkine (MK) in cardiac remodeling after MI. MI was produced by ligation of the left(More)
Midkine is a heparin-binding growth factor that promotes the growth, survival, migration and differentiation of various target cells. So far, receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase zeta, low-density-lipoprotein-receptor-related protein and anaplastic lymphoma kinase have been identified as receptors for midkine. We found beta1 integrin in(More)
Midkine (MK), a heparin-binding growth factor, suppresses apoptosis of embryonic neurons in culture, induced by serum deprivation. Receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase zeta (PTP zeta) is a chondroitin sulfate proteoglycan with a transmembrane domain and intracellular tyrosine phosphatase domains. The activity of MK was abolished by digestion with(More)
Receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatases (RPTPs) are considered to transduce extracellular signals across the membrane through changes in their PTP activity, however, our understanding of the regulatory mechanism is still limited. Here, we show that pleiotrophin (PTN), a natural ligand for protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor type Z (Ptprz) (also called(More)
High preoperative serum midkine concentration is associated with poor survival in patients with esophageal cancer, even after radical surgery, and thus may have prognostic value. Midkine (MK), a heparin-binding growth factor, is expressed in numerous cancer tissues, and serum MK (S-MK) concentrations are increased in patients with various neoplasms. The aim(More)
Intraperitoneally administered chondroitin sulfate E inhibited the development of antibody-induced arthritis, a model of rheumatoid arthritis, while chondroitin 4-sulfate showed no effects. Chondroitin sulfate E inhibited in vitro differentiation of osteoclasts, which play key roles in the etiology of rheumatoid arthritis. One of the targets of chondroitin(More)
Midkine (MK) is a heparin-binding growth factor, which promotes growth, migration, and survival of various cells, and MK expression is increased in many human carcinomas. We determined the urinary MK level by enzyme-linked immunoassay. Taking 311pg/mg creatinine as a cut-off level, 70% of patients with various carcinomas (n=142) gave positive values, while(More)
Midkine, a heparin-binding growth factor, is up-regulated in many types of cancer. The aim of this study was to measure plasma midkine levels in patients with breast cancer and to assess its clinical significance. We examined plasma midkine levels in 95 healthy volunteers, 11 patients with ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS), 111 patients with primary invasive(More)