Sadashi Sawamura

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Continuous (222)Rn monitoring in soil gas since November 22, 2004 has revealed variability in activity concentration with time in the semi-natural woods on the campus of Hokkaido University in Sapporo, Japan. Among various factors affecting soil radon levels and variability, temperature was found to be dominant during three seasons when activity(More)
This study was performed to confirm the radiation-chemical properties of the 2-nitroimidazole derivative doranidazole, (+/-)-(2RS,3SR)-3-[(2-nitroimdazol-1-yl)-methoxy]butane-1,2,4-triol [CAS 137339-64-1], PR-350, which was synthesized as a hypoxic cell radiosensitizer with low toxicity. Radiation-chemical experiments using doranidazole showed that (1)(More)
Poly(L-lysine) exists in a random-coil formation at a low pH, alpha-helix at a pH above 10.6, and transforms into beta-sheet when the alpha-helix polylysine is heated. Each conformation is clearly distinguishable in the amide-I band of the infrared spectrum. The thermotropic alpha-to-beta transition was studied by using differential scanning calorimetry. At(More)
An N2O-saturated aqueous solution containing 2'-dG and the spin trap agent PBN was examined by ESR and HPLC-ECD methods after X irradiation. ESR examination showed that the ESR spectrum obtained consisted of signals due to the PBN-OH and PBN-H adducts. The signal intensity of PBN-H adducts was larger in the presence of 2'-dG than in the absence of 2'dG,(More)
A high-performance liquid chromatographic (HPLC) method for simultaneous determination of 7-dehydrocholesterol (7-DHC), vitamin D3 and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25-OH-D3) in tissues of fishes was established, and using this method the tissue distribution of the sterols in lamprey (Entosphenus japonicus), great blue shark (Prionace glauca), skipjack (Katsuwonus(More)
Soil radon was measured from late October 2000 to January 2001 at three test sites on the campus of Hokkaido University in Sapporo, Japan. Factors affecting radon concentrations were investigated with relation to meteorological data, as well as soil 226Ra content, mineral composition, water content, and pH, Eh and conductivity. Soil radon varied with time(More)
Organ doses and effective doses were calculated using the EGS-4 Monte Carlo simulation code and a MIRD-5 mathematical human phantom placed in a vacuum. For broad right and left lateral beams of monoenergetic (0.1-200 MeV) electrons, conversion coefficients from the incident fluence to organ dose, to effective dose, and to effective dose equivalent were(More)
Organ doses and effective doses were calculated for monoenergetic electrons from 0.1 to 200 MeV using the EGS4 Monte Carlo simulation code and the MIRD-5 human phantom in various non-uniform exposure geometries: anterior-posterior (AP) and posterior-anterior (PA). Below 1 MeV, the skin is the main contributor to the effective dose conversion coefficients(More)
Several factors controlling the soil radon level in the present site were found to be changing air-filled porosity caused by fluctuations in moisture content, differences between the atmospheric and soil temperatures as well as volumetric (226)Ra content of the soil. The radon activity increased significantly in early October, especially at point 1,(More)