Sadao Takahashi

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A Wnt coreceptor low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) plays an essential role in bone accrual and eye development. Here, we show that LRP5 is also required for normal cholesterol and glucose metabolism. The production of mice lacking LRP5 revealed that LRP5 deficiency led to increased plasma cholesterol levels in mice fed a high-fat(More)
The VLDL (very low density lipoprotein) receptor is a member of the LDL (low density lipoprotein) receptor family. The VLDL receptor binds apolipoprotein (apo) E but not apo B, and is expressed in fatty acid active tissues (heart, muscle, adipose) and macrophages abundantly. Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) modulates the binding of triglyceride (TG)-rich(More)
The very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) receptor is a member of the low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptor family. In vitro and in vivo studies have shown that VLDL receptor binds triglyceride (TG)-rich lipoproteins but not LDL, and functions as a peripheral remnant lipoprotein receptor. VLDL receptor is expressed abundantly in fatty acid-active tissues(More)
LDL receptor-related protein 5 (LRP5) plays multiple roles, including embryonic development and bone accrual development. Recently, we demonstrated that LRP5 is also required for normal cholesterol metabolism and glucose-induced insulin secretion. To further define the role of LRP5 in the lipoprotein metabolism, we compared plasma lipoproteins in mice(More)
By expression cloning using fluorescent-labeled high density lipoprotein (HDL), we isolated two clones that conferred the cell surface binding of HDL. Nucleotide sequence of the two clones revealed that one corresponds to scavenger receptor class B, type 1 (SRBI) and the other encoded a novel protein with 228 amino acids. The primary structure of the newly(More)
Starvation induces many biochemical and histological changes in the heart; however, the molecular events underlying these changes have not been fully elucidated. To explore the molecular response of the heart to starvation, microarray analysis was performed together with biochemical and histological investigations. Serum free fatty acids increased twofold(More)
The VLDL (very low-density lipoprotein) receptor is a peripheral lipoprotein receptor expressing in fatty acid active tissues abundantly. In the Balb/c fasting mice, VLDL receptor as well as LPL (lipoprotein lipase), FAT (fatty acid translocase)/CD36, H-FABP (heart-type fatty acid-binding protein), ACS (acyl-CoA synthetase) and LCAD (long-chain acyl-CoA(More)
To explore the functional effects of hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) in diacylglycerol (DAG) metabolism, Chinese hamster ovary cells were stably transfected with rat HSL cDNA (wt-HSL), inactive mutant S423A-HSL cDNA (S423A) and pcDNA3 vector alone (Ct). [(14)C]Glucose-incorporation into triglyceride (TG) was 75% lower in the presence or absence of insulin in(More)
OBJECTIVE Sepsis accompanies myocardial dysfunction and dynamic alterations of cardiac metabolism. We have recently demonstrated that the very low-density lipoprotein receptor (VLDL-R), which is abundantly expressed in the heart, plays a key role in energy metabolism of the fasting heart. However, little is known about the function and regulation of the(More)