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BACKGROUND/AIM The Glasgow prognostic score (GPS) is a predictor of outcome for several cancer types. The present study examined the significance of modified GPS (mGPS) in the prognosis of patients undergoing palliative surgery for stage IV gastric cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 42 patients with stage IV gastric cancer treated with palliative(More)
The serum levels of soluble tumor necrosis factor receptor I (sTNF-RI) were measured in 74 noncachectic patients including 42 with gastric cancer and 32 with colorectal cancer, as well as in 39 patients with severe cachexia and 15 healthy volunteers. The sTNF-RI levels increased with the advance of disease, being highest in the cachectic patients. The(More)
Thyroid hemiagenesis is a very rare anomaly. We herein report a case with right thyroid lobe agenesis, which was incidentally found during the assessment of primary hyperparathyroidism. A 42-year-old male presenting with urinary lithiasis was suspected of having primary hyperparathyroidism, and had elevated levels of both serum calcium and intact(More)
Vitamin D receptor (VDR), a nuclear receptor that regulates calcium homeostasis, has been found to function as a receptor for secondary bile acids. Because the in vivo role of VDR in bile acid metabolism remains unknown, we investigated the effect of VDR activation in a mouse model of cholestasis. We treated mice with 1alpha-hydroxyvitamin D(3)(More)
A gastroenterostomy is the most commonly performed palliative procedure in patients with gastroduodenal outflow obstruction (GOO) caused by unresectable advanced gastric and pancreatic cancer. We developed a new technique—modified Devine exclusion with vertical stomach reconstruction—and evaluated the efficacy of this procedure. We retrospectively studied(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the performance of liquid-based cytology (LBC) in breast cytology to confirm the diagnosis of carcinoma. STUDY DESIGN Using cell clusters directly scratched from surgically removed tumor masses, we examined the immunocytochemistry, molecular biology and cytomorphology of the specimens. RESULTS LBC was very useful for gene analysis(More)
Left-sided hepatectomy occasionally leads to early delayed gastric emptying (EDGE). We developed a new fixation procedure of the round ligament to the peritoneum to prevent EDGE after hepatic lateral segmentectomy and evaluated its efficacy. We retrospectively studied 42 patients who underwent hepatic lateral segmentectomy. They were divided into two(More)
Elderly and poor surgical-risk patients with esophageal cancer experience several complications and often cannot undergo standard transthoracic esophagectomy. Mediastinoscopy-assisted esophagectomy (MAE) recently has been applied in patients with thoracic esophageal cancer. We herein report 2 poor surgical-risk patients of lower thoracic esophageal cancer(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Bile leakage is a major morbidity associated with hepatectomies. No study has been performed correlating various methods of liver transection to incidences of bile leakage. METHODOLOGY The 89 patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who received hepatectomy were classified into 3 groups according to the specific method of liver resection:(More)
Idiopathic granulomatous mastitis (IGM) is a rare inflammatory pseudotumor. No therapeutic modality has been established because of the rareness of this disease. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical course of IGM treated with corticosteroid, and to evaluate the optimal methods of observation during corticosteroid therapy of IGM. The(More)