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A functional T to G germline polymorphism in the promoter region of murine double-minute 2 homolog single nucleotide polymorphism 309 (MDM2-SNP309) has been reported to profoundly accelerate tumor formation, suggesting that it may also represent a powerful cancer predisposing allele. In this study, MDM2-SNP309 was examined in a total of 400 blood samples(More)
Genetic polymorphisms of p53 and its negative regulator murine double minute 2 homolog (MDM2) have been shown to be closely associated with tumorigenesis in a variety of human cancers. In the present study, single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at p53 codon 72 and MDM2 promoter 309 was examined for germline DNA samples from 102 endometrial cancer cases and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the biological significance of single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at Fas gene promoter in cervical carcinogenesis. METHODS SNP at -670 of Fas gene promoter (A/G) together with human papillomavirus (HPV) types were examined in a total of 279 cervical smear samples and 8 human cervical squamous carcinoma cell lines using(More)
Cervical cancer is the most common cancer in Thai women and as yet screening programmes are minimally effective. The Pap smear is the test accepted to be most appropriate for cervical cancer screening so far. One of the main reasons why women do not come to have Pap smear done is "shyness", which weakens compliance with recommendations to undergo Pap smear(More)
BACKGROUND This descriptive study was carried out to test the acceptability of a self-administered device for cervical cancer screening and assess certain risk factors in relation to the cancer in two districts of Khon Kaen province in Northeast Thailand. METHODS A total of 354 women from the villages were selected (including 143 teachers from secondary(More)
It is widely accepted that specific human papillomavirus (HPV) types are the central etiologic agent of cervical carcinogenesis. However, a number of infected women do not develop invasive lesions, suggesting that other environmental and host factors may play decisive roles in the persistence of HPV infection and further malignant conversion of cervical(More)
The clinical significance of glutathione-S-transferase GSTM1, GSTT1 and p53 codon 72 polymorphisms in cervical carcinogenesis was investigated. Germline polymorphisms of GSTM1, GSTT1 and p53 codon 72 together with human papillomavirus (HPV) types were examined in a total of 457 blood and cervical smear samples from normal healthy women and the patients with(More)
Cervical cancer is the most common cancer in Laos women and a screening programme, even with the PAP smear test (PAP test), has yet to be established for routine use. The Pap test is accepted as the most appropriate for cervical cancer screening in some settings but it is not commonly available in Laos hospitals, because there are few cytopathologists and(More)
The multifactorial process of carcinogenesis involves mutations in oncogenes, or tumor suppressor genes, as well as the influence of environmental etiological factors. Common DNA polymorphisms in low penetrance genes have emerged as genetic factors that seem to modulate an individual’s susceptibility to malignancy. Genetic studies, which lead to a true(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinical significance of glutathione-S-transferase GSTM1, GSTT1 and p53 codon 72 polymorphisms in cervical carcinogenesis. METHODS GSTM1, GSTT1 and p53 codon 72 polymorphisms together with human papillomavirus (HPV) types were examined in a total of 198 cervical smear samples using multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and(More)