Sadamitsu Asoh

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Acute oxidative stress induced by ischemia-reperfusion or inflammation causes serious damage to tissues, and persistent oxidative stress is accepted as one of the causes of many common diseases including cancer. We show here that hydrogen (H2) has potential as an antioxidant in preventive and therapeutic applications. We induced acute oxidative stress in(More)
We have recently showed that molecular hydrogen has great potential for selectively reducing cytotoxic reactive oxygen species, such as hydroxyl radicals, and that inhalation of hydrogen gas decreases cerebral infarction volume by reducing oxidative stress [I. Ohsawa, M. Ishikawa, K. Takahashi, M. Watanabe, K. Nishimaki, K. Yamagata, K.-I. Katsura, Y.(More)
Objective: Survivin has been identified as a protein expressed in cancer cells and a member of the inhibitor-of-apoptosis protein family. Recent studies suggest that the expression of survivin increases during the G2/M phase of the cell cycle, and may be used in clinical prognosis. We examined whether survivin expression in human gliomas would be a(More)
Cisplatin is a widely used anti-cancer drug in the treatment of a wide range of tumors; however, its application is limited by nephrotoxicity, which is affected by oxidative stress. We have reported that molecular hydrogen (H2) acts as an efficient antioxidant (Ohsawa et al. in Nat Med 13:688–694, 2007). Here we show that hydrogen efficiently mitigates the(More)
Four novel murine homeobox genes, Uncx-4.1, OG-2, OG-9, and OG-12, were cloned and partially sequenced. The amino acid sequence of the mouse Uncx-4.1 homeodomain is closely related to the sequence of the unc-4 homeodomain of Caenorhabditis elegans. However, the OG-2, OG-9, and OG-12 homeodomains are relatively diverged and are not closely related to any(More)
A powerful artificial anti-apoptotic factor will be useful for medical applications of the future therapies for many diseases by prolonging survival of sick cells. For constructing it, we designed the super anti-apoptotic factor by disturbing three intramolecular polar interactions among alpha-helix structures of Bcl-x(L). The resultant mutant Bcl-x(L),(More)
Preventing massive cell death is an important therapeutic strategy for various injuries and disorders. Protein therapeutics have the advantage of delivering proteins in a short period. We have engineered the antiapoptotic bcl-x gene to generate the super antiapoptotic factor, FNK, with a more powerful cytoprotective activity. In this study, we fused the(More)
To investigate the regulatory system in mitochondrial biogenesis involving crosstalk between the mitochondria and nucleus, we found a factor named MIDAS (mitochondrial DNA absence sensitive factor) whose expression was enhanced by the absence of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). In patients with mitochondrial diseases, MIDAS expression was increased only in(More)
When fused with the protein transduction domain (PTD) derived from the human immunodeficiency virus TAT protein, proteins can cross the blood-brain barrier and cell membrane and transfer into several tissues, including the brain, making protein therapy feasible for various neurological disorders. We have constructed a powerful antiapoptotic modified(More)
A trace amount of the pro-apoptotic factor human Bax was sufficient to kill host Escherichia coli (Asoh, S., Nishimaki, K., Nanbu-Wakao, R., and Ohta, S., submitted). The region of Bax lethal to E. coli cells was determined by introducing truncated human bax mutant genes. A peptide corresponding to amino acid residues 115 to 144 of Bax was the smallest(More)