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IL-27 is a novel IL-6/IL-12 family cytokine that not only plays a role in the early regulation of Th1 differentiation, but also exerts an inhibitory effect on immune responses, including the suppression of proinflammatory cytokine production. However, the molecular mechanism by which IL-27 exerts the inhibitory effect remains unclear. In this study we(More)
IL-27 is a novel IL-12 family member that plays a role in the early regulation of Th1 initiation, induces proliferation of naive CD4+ T cells, and synergizes with IL-12 in IFN-gamma production. It has been recently reported that IL-27 induces T-bet and IL-12Rbeta2 expression through JAK1/STAT1 activation. In the present study, we further investigated the(More)
Although much promising data that interleukin (IL)-12 could be a powerful therapeutic agent against cancer were reported in animal models, its excessive toxicity has become a problem for its clinical application. IL-27 is a novel IL-12 family member that plays a role in the early regulation of T helper cell 1 initiation, including induction of T-bet and(More)
Searching the sequence databases has revealed two novel cytokines: interleukin-23 (IL-23) and IL-27. These cytokines are quite similar to, but clearly distinct from IL-12 in their structures and T-cell stimulatory fashions. In contrast to IL-12, however, little is known about the roles of IL-23 and IL-27 in the immune regulation. Previously, we evaluated(More)
We recently found that fibronectin (FN) had a functional site [YTIYVIAL sequence in the heparin-binding domain 2 (Hep 2)] that was capable of suppressing the integrin-mediated cell adhesion to extracellular matrix. However, our results also indicated that this anti-adhesive site seemed to be usually buried within the Hep 2 domain structure because of its(More)
IL-27 is a novel IL-12 family member that plays a role in the early regulation of Th1 initiation. We have recently demonstrated that IL-27 has a potent antitumor activity, which is mainly mediated through CD8+ T cells, and also has an adjuvant activity to induce epitope-specific CTL in vivo. In this study, we further investigated the in vitro effect of(More)
Tenascin-C (TN-C) is unique for its cell adhesion modulatory function. We have shown that TNIIIA2, a synthetic 22-mer peptide derived from TN-C, stimulated beta1 integrin-mediated cell adhesion of nonadherent and adherent cell types, by inducing activation of beta1 integrin. The active site of TNIIIA2 appeared cryptic in the TN-C molecule but was exposed by(More)
Osteocalcin (OC) is a product of osteoblasts and accumulated in the extracellular matrix of bone. It has been recognized that serum OC is a marker of osteoblast activity, and the levels reflect the rate of bone formation. The present assay system was developed to assess the major circulating forms of intact and the large N-terminal fragments. OC binds to(More)
IL-12 is a key immunoregulatory cytokine that promotes Th1 differentiation and cell-mediated immune responses. IL-12 stimulation results in the activation of Janus kinase 2 and tyrosine kinase 2 and, subsequently, STAT4 and STAT3. In addition, mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 6/p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase and phosphatidylinositol(More)
Interleukin (IL)-23 and IL-27 are IL-6/IL-12 family members that play a role in the regulation of T helper 1 cell differentiation. Cytokines are known to be involved in the bone remodeling process, although the effects of IL-23 and IL-27 have not been clarified. In this study, we examined the possible roles of these cytokines on osteoblast phenotypes and(More)