Learn More
IL-27 is a novel IL-6/IL-12 family cytokine that not only plays a role in the early regulation of Th1 differentiation, but also exerts an inhibitory effect on immune responses, including the suppression of proinflammatory cytokine production. However, the molecular mechanism by which IL-27 exerts the inhibitory effect remains unclear. In this study we(More)
IL-27 is a novel IL-12 family member that plays a role in the early regulation of Th1 initiation, induces proliferation of naive CD4+ T cells, and synergizes with IL-12 in IFN-gamma production. It has been recently reported that IL-27 induces T-bet and IL-12Rbeta2 expression through JAK1/STAT1 activation. In the present study, we further investigated the(More)
IL-27 is a novel IL-12 family member that plays a role in the early regulation of Th1 initiation. However, its role in B cells remains unexplored. We here show a role for IL-27 in the induction of T-bet expression and regulation of Ig class switching in B cells. Expression of WSX-1, one subunit of IL-27R, was detected at the mRNA level in primary mouse(More)
Tenascin-C (TN-C) is unique for its cell adhesion modulatory function. We have shown that TNIIIA2, a synthetic 22-mer peptide derived from TN-C, stimulated beta1 integrin-mediated cell adhesion of nonadherent and adherent cell types, by inducing activation of beta1 integrin. The active site of TNIIIA2 appeared cryptic in the TN-C molecule but was exposed by(More)
IL-27 is a novel IL-12 family member that plays a role in the early regulation of Th1 initiation. We have recently demonstrated that IL-27 has a potent antitumor activity, which is mainly mediated through CD8+ T cells, and also has an adjuvant activity to induce epitope-specific CTL in vivo. In this study, we further investigated the in vitro effect of(More)
A total of 114 Clostridium difficile strains were analysed for a possible correlation between serological susceptibility to chloramphenicol, tetracycline and clindamycin, and serogrouping. All 17 chloramphenicol-resistant strains belonged to serovar I, while none of 32 tetracycline-resistant strains belonged to serovar I. All strains included in serovar III(More)
Chicken thymocyte protein (cThy28) has recently been identified and implicated to be involved in apoptosis of avian lymphocytes, while its functional role remains undefined. To elucidate the role of Thy28, we have molecularly cloned the mouse Thy28 (mThy28) cDNA and clarified its genomic organization in the present study. The mThy28 cDNA encodes a 226 amino(More)
The receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL), which is expressed by not only osteoblasts but also activated T cells, plays an important role in bone-destructive diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. IL-27, a member of the IL-6/IL-12 family cytokines, activates STAT1 and STAT3, promotes early helper T (Th)1 differentiation and generation of(More)
Although much promising data that interleukin (IL)-12 could be a powerful therapeutic agent against cancer were reported in animal models, its excessive toxicity has become a problem for its clinical application. IL-27 is a novel IL-12 family member that plays a role in the early regulation of T helper cell 1 initiation, including induction of T-bet and(More)
Searching the sequence databases has revealed two novel cytokines: interleukin-23 (IL-23) and IL-27. These cytokines are quite similar to, but clearly distinct from IL-12 in their structures and T-cell stimulatory fashions. In contrast to IL-12, however, little is known about the roles of IL-23 and IL-27 in the immune regulation. Previously, we evaluated(More)