Sadahiro Iwabuchi

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Constant mechanical stress is essential for the maintenance of bone mass and strength, which is achieved through the cooperative functions of osteoblasts and osteoclasts. However, it has not been fully elucidated how these cell types mediate mechanical signals. Low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) therapy is a recently developed method for application of(More)
The opening of pannexin-1 (Px1) hemichannels is regulated by the activity of P2X(7) receptors (P2X(7)Rs). At present, however, little is known about how extracellular ATP-sensitive P2X(7)Rs regulates the opening and closure of Px1 hemichannels. Several lines of evidence suggest that P2X(7)Rs are activated under pathological conditions such as ischemia,(More)
Extracellular adenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP) activates specific G protein-coupled purinoceptors (P2Y), and ATP-P2Y signaling pathways induces intracellular Ca2+ mobilization resulting in changes in the gene expression of a variety of proteins in astrocytes. This study investigated whether the exposure of cultured astrocytes to sublethal ischemia produced(More)
Synthetic porous ceramic made of hydroxyapatite (HA) has been used as a bone graft substitute. In the present study we investigated whether low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) accelerates bone ingrowth into the pores of HA ceramic. Application of LIPUS did not mechanically weaken porous ceramic that was immersed in water in vitro. In vivo experiments(More)
Waves of elevated intracellular free Ca(2+) that propagate between neighboring astrocytes (Ca(2+) waves) are important for the communication among astrocytes. We have previously revealed that focal photolysis of a caged calcium ionophore results in an increase in the concentration of intracellular Ca(2+) in the target astrocytes, then the increase(More)
We have studied the effects of neomycin, a potent inhibitor of inositol phospholipid-specific phospholipase C (PLC), on the germination of rice seed and the gibberellin-induced expression of alpha-amylase in the aleurone layer and the scutellar tissues. It was shown that, in the absence of exogenous Ca2+, neomycin markedly reduced the germination speed and(More)
The pathological influences of inflammation on left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) were studied in subtotal nephrectomized (SNx) rats after 0.3% NaCl loading for 5 weeks. We found that mild hypertension, increased plasma levels of creatinine, inorganic phosphate, asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA), and parathyroid hormone (PTH) were observed in the present(More)
A brief period of ischemia, i.e. preconditioning of the middle cerebral artery territory, induces ischemic tolerance reducing the cerebral infarction volume caused by subsequent lethal ischemia. Nevertheless, little is known about the molecular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon. In the present study, we examined the involvement of the activation of Akt,(More)
Magnesium ions (Mg(2+)) play a fundamental role in cellular function, but the cellular dynamic changes of intracellular Mg(2+) remain poorly delineated. The present study aims to clarify whether the concentration of intracellular Mg(2+) possibly changes cyclically in association with rhythmic contraction and intracellular Ca(2+) oscillation in cultured(More)
Glutamate (Glu) is a major excitatory neurotransmitter of the mammalian central nervous system and under normal conditions plays an important role in information processing in the brain. Therefore, extracellular Glu is subject to strong homeostasis. Astrocytes in the brain have been considered to be mainly responsible for the clearance of extracellular Glu.(More)