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The goal of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) Project is to detect and study astrophysical gravitational waves and use data from them for research in physics and astronomy. LIGO will support studies concerning the nature and nonlinear dynamics of gravity, the structures of black holes, and the equation of state of nuclear(More)
During light-adaptation by the vertebrate eye, the rods are desensitized and the light response is accelerated. When light is absorbed by the rods, a phosphodiesterase is activated that hydrolyses cyclic GMP. A light-induced decrease in cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration is part of this light-adaptation process. The protein S-modulin (M(r) 26,000) is known to(More)
Ascending projections from the nucleus of the brachium of the inferior colliculus (NBIC) in the cat were studied by the autoradiographic tracing method. Many fibers from the NBIC ascend ipsilaterally in the lateral tegmentum along the medial border of the brachium of the inferior colliculus. At midbrain levels, fibers from the NBIC end in the superior(More)
Vertebrate cone photoreceptors are known to show lower light sensitivity and briefer photoresponses than rod photoreceptors. To understand the molecular mechanisms characterizing cone photoresponses, we compared some of the reactions in the phototransduction cascade between rods and cones. For this purpose, rods and cones were obtained in quantities large(More)
Recoverin is a calcium sensor that regulates rhodopsin phosphorylation in a calcium-dependent manner. Cloning experiments indicate the presence of a numerous gene family, called the NCS family, encoding recoverin-like proteins expressed predominantly in neurons. Here, we report the cloning of three novel NCS genes, and demonstrate that at least six distinct(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the efficacy of a single early intravesical instillation of pirarubicin (THP) in the prevention of bladder recurrence after nephroureterectomy for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UUT-UC). PATIENTS AND METHODS From December 2005 to November 2008, 77 patients clinically diagnosed with UUT-UC from 11 institutions participating(More)
In vertebrate photoreceptors, light reduces cyclic GMP concentration and closes cGMP-activated channels to induce a hyperpolarizing response. As Ca2+ can permeate the channels and the Na(+)-Ca2+ exchanger continuously extrudes Ca2+, closure of the channel results in a reduction of the inter-rod Ca2+ concentration. This is believed to be one of the(More)
Rab proteins play an essential role in vesicle transport. In particular, RAB1 is thought to participate in the transport of most membrane and secretory proteins. To investigate the role of RAB1 in developing or functioning cells in situ, we constructed transgenic, dominant-negative Rab1 mutants of Drosophila, and examined the protein transport and cellular(More)
Changes in the activities of serum cytokines and in acute phase response were observed in dairy cows with naturally occurring coliform mastitis. Seven cows with severe mastitis showed systemic and mammary inflammatory response throughout the observation period, and 11 cows with mild mastitis recovered and were able to be milked within 3 days of onset of(More)