Sadafumi Kawamura

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During light-adaptation by the vertebrate eye, the rods are desensitized and the light response is accelerated. When light is absorbed by the rods, a phosphodiesterase is activated that hydrolyses cyclic GMP. A light-induced decrease in cytoplasmic Ca2+ concentration is part of this light-adaptation process. The protein S-modulin (M(r) 26,000) is known to(More)
Rab proteins play an essential role in vesicle transport. In particular, RAB1 is thought to participate in the transport of most membrane and secretory proteins. To investigate the role of RAB1 in developing or functioning cells in situ, we constructed transgenic, dominant-negative Rab1 mutants of Drosophila, and examined the protein transport and cellular(More)
Vertebrate cone photoreceptors are known to show lower light sensitivity and briefer photoresponses than rod photoreceptors. To understand the molecular mechanisms characterizing cone photoresponses, we compared some of the reactions in the phototransduction cascade between rods and cones. For this purpose, rods and cones were obtained in quantities large(More)
Recoverin is a calcium sensor that regulates rhodopsin phosphorylation in a calcium-dependent manner. Cloning experiments indicate the presence of a numerous gene family, called the NCS family, encoding recoverin-like proteins expressed predominantly in neurons. Here, we report the cloning of three novel NCS genes, and demonstrate that at least six distinct(More)
In vertebrate photoreceptors, light reduces cyclic GMP concentration and closes cGMP-activated channels to induce a hyperpolarizing response. As Ca2+ can permeate the channels and the Na(+)-Ca2+ exchanger continuously extrudes Ca2+, closure of the channel results in a reduction of the inter-rod Ca2+ concentration. This is believed to be one of the(More)
We determined four nucleotide sequences of the hominoid immunoglobulin alpha (C alpha) genes (chimpanzee C alpha 2, gorilla C alpha 2, and gibbon C alpha 1 and C alpha 2 genes), which made possible the examination of gene conversions in all hominoid C alpha genes. The following three methods were used to detect gene conversions: 1) phenetic tree(More)
PURPOSE We evaluated the efficacy of a single early intravesical instillation of pirarubicin (THP) in the prevention of bladder recurrence after nephroureterectomy for upper urinary tract urothelial carcinoma (UUT-UC). PATIENTS AND METHODS From December 2005 to November 2008, 77 patients clinically diagnosed with UUT-UC from 11 institutions participating(More)
BACKGROUND Accumulating evidence suggests that obesity is associated with tumor progression in prostate cancer (PCa) patients after radical prostatectomy (RP). We conducted a retrospective multicenter study to determine the effect of body mass index (BMI) on the clinicopathological characteristics and biochemical recurrence of PCa in Japanese men who(More)
On the basis of sequence comparison of thermophilic and mesophilic DNA binding protein HUs, Bacillus stearothermophilus DNA binding protein HU (BstHU) seems to gain thermostability with a change in amino acid residues present on the molecular surface. To evaluate the contribution of exchange of each amino acid to the thermostability of BstHU, we constructed(More)
We compared the specificities and sensitivities of four tests used for the serodiagnosis of candidemia in 39 patients with candidemia, including 10 patients with superficial Candida colonization, 10 patients with deep mycosis, and 20 healthy subjects. The results obtained by the dot immunoblotting assay for detecting the enolase antigen (48 kDa) were(More)