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The increased inhaled application of titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO(2) NPs) increases the potential pulmonary health risks. The present investigations were carried out to study the TiO(2) NPs-induced apoptosis, oxidative stress and genotoxicity in the human lung cancer cell line, A549, a widely used cell system for pulmonary toxicity studies.(More)
Inhibition mechanisms of protein kinase B (Pkb)/Akt and its consequences on related cell signaling were investigated in human umbilical cord blood stem cells (hUCBSCs) exposed to monocrotophos (MCP, an organophosphate pesticide). In silico data reveal that MCP interacts with kinase and c-terminal regulatory domains of Akt1, resulting into a total docking(More)
The status of xenobiotic metabolism in developing human brain cells is not known. The reason is nonavailability of developing human fetal brain. We investigate the applicability of the plasticity potential of human umbilical cord blood stem cells for the purpose. Characterized hematopoietic stem cells are converted into neuronal subtypes in eight days. The(More)
Developing neurons, derived from the human umbilical cord blood stem cells (hUCBSCs), were investigated for their stage-specific responses against 3-methylcholanthrene (MC), a well-known polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon. Three-dimensional (3D) molecular docking demonstrates the strong hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions of MC with amino acids of(More)
Differentiating neuronal cells derived from human umbilical cord blood stem cells have been used as an in vitro tool for the assessment of developmental neurotoxicity of monocrotophos (MCP), an organophosphate pesticide. The differentiating cells were exposed to MCP during the different stages of maturation, viz., days 2, 4, and 8, and changes in the makers(More)
The expression and metabolic profile of cytochrome P450s (CYPs) is largely missing in human brain due to non-availability of brain tissue. We attempted to address the issue by using human brain neuronal (SH-SY5Y) and glial (U373-MG) cells. The expression and activity of CYP1A1, 2B6 and 2E1 were carried out in the cells exposed to CYP inducers viz.,(More)
Plasticity and developmental capacity of stem cells have now been established as a promising tool to restore the degenerative disorders. The linearity differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) into adipogenic, chondrogenic, osteogenic and even in neuronal subtypes has been demonstrated. The number of xenobiotics such as dexamethasone, insulin,(More)
4-Hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) is one of the most reactive aldehydic by-products of lipid peroxidation. The role of 4-HNE in the etiology of various neurodegenerative disorders including cerebral ischemia/reperfusion, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, etc. has been documented. We and others have reported that long-term toxic insults of 4-HNE triggers(More)
Lead (Pb)-induced neurodegeneration and its link with widespread neurobehavioral changes are well documented. Experimental evidences suggest that ethanol could enhance the absorption of metals in the body, and alcohol consumption may increase the susceptibility to metal intoxication in the brain. However, the underlying mechanism of ethanol action in(More)
We demonstrate the role of molecular switching of TrkA/p75(NTR) signaling cascade in organophosphate pesticide-Monocrotophos (MCP) induced neurotoxicity in stem cell derived cholinergic neurons and in rat brain. Our in-silico studies reveal that MCP followed the similar pattern of binding as staurosporine and AG-879 (known inhibitors of TrkA) with TrkA(More)