Sadaf Jahan

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The status of xenobiotic metabolism in developing human brain cells is not known. The reason is nonavailability of developing human fetal brain. We investigate the applicability of the plasticity potential of human umbilical cord blood stem cells for the purpose. Characterized hematopoietic stem cells are converted into neuronal subtypes in eight days. The(More)
Differentiating neuronal cells derived from human umbilical cord blood stem cells have been used as an in vitro tool for the assessment of developmental neurotoxicity of monocrotophos (MCP), an organophosphate pesticide. The differentiating cells were exposed to MCP during the different stages of maturation, viz., days 2, 4, and 8, and changes in the makers(More)
Developing neurons, derived from the human umbilical cord blood stem cells (hUCBSCs), were investigated for their stage-specific responses against 3-methylcholanthrene (MC), a well-known polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon. Three-dimensional (3D) molecular docking demonstrates the strong hydrogen bonding and hydrophobic interactions of MC with amino acids of(More)
Lead (Pb)-induced neurodegeneration and its link with widespread neurobehavioral changes are well documented. Experimental evidences suggest that ethanol could enhance the absorption of metals in the body, and alcohol consumption may increase the susceptibility to metal intoxication in the brain. However, the underlying mechanism of ethanol action in(More)
The expression and metabolic profile of cytochrome P450s (CYPs) is largely missing in human brain due to non-availability of brain tissue. We attempted to address the issue by using human brain neuronal (SH-SY5Y) and glial (U373-MG) cells. The expression and activity of CYP1A1, 2B6 and 2E1 were carried out in the cells exposed to CYP inducers viz.,(More)
committed toward the neuronal lineage and are very similar to the fetal neural stem cells. In our so far published papers, we have successfully attempted to establish stem cell-based in vitro model systems for the study of the various aspects of DNT and have proven that human umbilical cord blood-derived stem cells (hUCBSCs) when differentiated into neurons(More)
The plethora of literature has supported the potential benefits of Resveratrol (RV) as a life-extending as well as an anticancer compound. However, these two functional discrepancies resulted at different concentration ranges. Likewise, the role of Resveratrol on adult neurogenesis still remains controversial and less understood despite its well documented(More)
The profound significance of autophagy as a cell survival mechanism under conditions of metabolic stress is a well-proven fact. Nearly a decade-long research in this area has led scientists to unearth various roles played by autophagy other than just being an auto cell death mechanism. It is implicated as a vital cell survival pathway for clearance of all(More)
Inducible expressions cytochrome P450s (CYPs) against environmental chemicals in brain tissues of experimental animals is well-documented. However, the precise role of specific brain cell type in the metabolism of different class of xenobiotics has not been explored adequately. We study the expression of selected CYPs (1A1/1A2, 2B1/2B2, 2E1) in primary(More)
We demonstrate the role of molecular switching of TrkA/p75(NTR) signaling cascade in organophosphate pesticide-Monocrotophos (MCP) induced neurotoxicity in stem cell derived cholinergic neurons and in rat brain. Our in-silico studies reveal that MCP followed the similar pattern of binding as staurosporine and AG-879 (known inhibitors of TrkA) with TrkA(More)
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