Sadaf Asaei

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BACKGROUND Increased levels of interleukin-8 (IL-8) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in acute human brucellosis have been reported. Previous studies have shown that the production and level of IL-6 and IL-8 cytokines are associated with the polymorphism of the encoding genes. OBJECTIVE To investigate the probable association between IL-6 (-174 C/G) and IL-8 (-251(More)
Lymphotoxin-α (LT-α) and interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) are proinflammatory cytokines playing important roles in immunity against Leishmania infection and the outcome of the disease. As cytokine productions are under the genetic control, this study tried to find any probable relationship between these cytokine gene polymorphisms and the susceptibility to(More)
AIM To assess hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype patterns among high-risk Iranian groups, using real-time RT-PCR. METHODS In this study, we evaluated the distribution of different HCV genotypes among injection drug users and other high-risk groups over a 4-year period (from 2009 to 2012) using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Sera from 888(More)
Host resistance to Leishmania infection is mediated by cellular immune responses leading to macrophage activation and parasite killing. Interleukin-18 (IL-18) known as interferon-γ (IFN-γ) inducing factor, stimulates IFN-γ production by T cells. Taking into account the important role of IL-18 in the defense against visceral leishmaniasis (VL) and the known(More)
On the subject of brucellosis, it seems that Th1/Th2 cytokines balance may be involved in the resistance or susceptibility to Brucella infection. In this respect, Th1 cytokines confer resistance, while Th2 cytokines predispose brucellosis. It is also clarified that IL-17 is required for the induction of IFN-γ and IL-12 in macrophages and dendritic cells.(More)
BACKGROUND Enterically-transmitted acute viral hepatitis is caused predominantly by hepatitis A virus (HAV) and hepatitis E virus (HEV). The prevalence of HEV and HAV infections varies in different geographical regions. OBJECTIVES This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of HEV and HAV infections among Iranian healthy individuals in southern(More)
BACKGROUND Diagnosis and control programs for infectious diseases among immigrants are the most important aspects of epidemiological studies for both origin and destination countries. Data about hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection among the Afghan immigrants in Iran is limited. OBJECTIVES To the best of HBV treatment and prevention in Afghan immigrants in(More)
BACKGROUND Herpes simplex virus infections are very common worldwide. The virus can cause infection in various body parts, especially eyes and the nervous system. Therefore, an early diagnosis and highly sensitive method is very helpful. OBJECTIVES The present study sought to investigate the efficiency of Real-time TaqMan probe PCR in the diagnosis of HSV(More)
BACKGROUND Many children become infected with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) during their childhood. Since the clinical profile of EBV primary infection is challenging, it is important to use the best diagnostic clinical means. Detection of IgM against viral capsid antigen (VCA) by ELISA has been shown to be a reliable method. OBJECTIVES This study was(More)
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of non-polio enteroviral infections by quantitative and qualitative PCR assays in neonates 3-30 days old with clinical diagnosis of sepsis. Methods: The patients included all the neonates aged 3-30 days admitted with diagnosis of neonatal sepsis. Blood specimens, throat swabs, and in 60(More)