Sachiyo Sakamoto

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Dopamine release in the nucleus accumbens (NAC) plays a crucial role in the action of various psychotropic and addictive drugs, such as antagonists of the N-methyl-D-aspartate subtype of the glutamate. Although both nitrous oxide and xenon are N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonists, they differ in their potential for producing neuropsychological(More)
BACKGROUND Sevoflurane and droperidol prolong the QT interval, and advancing age is not only associated with a prolongation of the QT interval but is also a risk factor for drug-induced QT interval prolongation. In this study, we compared the effect of sevoflurane and droperidol on the corrected QT (QTc) interval and the dispersion of ventricular(More)
We previously demonstrated that the caudoputamen was exclusively further damaged by hypocapnia in a rat with chronic cerebral hypoperfusion which is characterized by white matter lesions (WML) and a well-established model for patients with cerebrovascular diseases and/or dementia, and suggest that this process may be the cause of long lasting postoperative(More)
BACKGROUND Spinal anesthesia combined with fentanyl is commonly used for cesarean section. We studied the appropriate dose of isobaric bupivacaine for spinal anesthesia when combined with a fixed dose of 20 microg fentanyl. METHODS Forty-seven women scheduled for cesarean section were allocated into four-groups according to the dose of 0.5% isobaric(More)
Recent studies have shown that similar to cerebral gray matter (mainly composed of neuronal perikarya), white matter (composed of axons and glias) is vulnerable to ischemia. Edaravone, a free radical scavenger, has neuroprotective effects against focal cerebral ischemia even in humans. In this study, we investigated the time course and the severity of both(More)
We report anesthetic management of a patient suspected of malignant hyperthermia with difficult tracheal intubation. A 64-year-old man was scheduled for a fixation of humerus bone fractures in prone position. He had a history of difficult tracheal intubation due to masseter spasm, and his niece was suspected to be malignant hyperthermia. Anesthesia was(More)
We report that the transversus abdominis plane block (TAP block) can be performed under ultrasound guidance using not a linear probe but a convex probe in a markedly obese patient undergoing laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy. The TAP block is effective for providing perioperative analgesia. The common probe for the TAP block is a high-frequency linear(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies reported a higher mortality risk and a greater need for renal replacement therapy in patients administered hydroxyethyl starch (HES) rather than other fluid resuscitation preparations. In this study, we investigated the association between 6% HES 70/0.5 use and postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI) in gastroenterological(More)
To investigate the association between steroid medication before hospital admission and barotrauma in mechanically ventilated patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). An observational single-center retrospective study was conducted using patients admitted to the general intensive care unit (ICU) of a university hospital in Japan. We(More)
A 42-year-old woman with an Arnold-Chiari abnormality was scheduled for cervical spine surgery. She had severe ankylosing spondylitis, and all her joints from ankles to occipitocervical joint were fixed except hip joints, which had been replaced with artificial joints 20 years before. She could bend her upper body only in a range from -20 to 70 degree from(More)