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This study describes comprehensive polling of transcription start and termination sites and analysis of previously unidentified full-length complementary DNAs derived from the mouse genome. We identify the 5' and 3' boundaries of 181,047 transcripts with extensive variation in transcripts arising from alternative promoter usage, splicing, and(More)
The amino acid sequence deduced from cDNA of the human placental fibronectin receptor is reported. The receptor is composed of two subunits: an alpha subunit of 1,008 amino acids which is processed into two polypeptides disulfide bonded to one another, and a beta subunit of 778 amino acids. Each subunit has near its COOH terminus a hydrophobic segment. This(More)
Ca(2+) clearance in frog motor nerve terminals was studied by fluorometry of Ca(2+) indicators. Rises in intracellular Ca(2+) ([Ca(2+)](i)) in nerve terminals induced by tetanic nerve stimulation (100 Hz, 100 or 200 stimuli: Ca(2+) transient) reached a peak or plateau within 6-20 stimuli and decayed at least in three phases with the time constants of 82-87(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Iba1 is a novel calcium-binding protein and is specifically expressed in microglia in the brain. It has been suggested that Iba1 plays an important role in regulation of the function of microglia. In the present study we examined time-dependent Iba1 expression after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion and characterized(More)
1. Bipolar cells were enzymatically (papain) dissociated from the mouse retina. Responses to exogenously applied glycine and GABA were recorded using the whole-cell voltage clamp method (pipette solution contained 121 mM-Cl-). Both glycine and GABA evoked inward currents in cells voltage clamped at negative membrane voltages (e.g. -60 mV) and superfused(More)
OBJECTIVE Blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) contrast functional MRI images show activated cortical areas by detecting a reduced concentration of deoxyhaemoglobin (deoxy-Hb) during neuronal activity; however, near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) has shown various patterns of cerebral blood oxygenation (CBO) changes in the frontal lobe during cognitive(More)
When old adults participate in a strength-training program with heavy loads, they experience an increase in muscle strength and an improvement in the steadiness of submaximal isometric contractions. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of light- and heavy-load strength training on the ability of old adults to perform steady submaximal(More)
JAK-STAT is the major downstream signal pathway of interleukin-6 (IL-6) cytokine family and is regulated by Tyr705 phosphorylation of Stat3. The present study examined the extent and the localization of phosphorylated Stat3 protein in brain tissue after focal ischemia in rats. The localizations of unphosphorylated and phosphorylated Stat3 were(More)
Markedly increased interleukin-6 (IL-6) mRNA levels occur in experimental cerebral ischemia, although the protein production and cellular sources of IL-6 remain unclear. We examined the cellular localization of IL-6 protein in gerbil brain following transient forebrain ischemia employing immunohistochemistry and Western blot analysis. The(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the area of the midbrain and pons on mid-sagittal MRI in patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), Parkinson disease (PD), and multiple-system atrophy of the Parkinson type (MSA-P), compare these appearances and values with those of normal control subjects, and establish diagnostic MRI criteria for the diagnosis of PSP. (More)