Sachiko Tanaka

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The trophoblast cell lineage is essential for the survival of the mammalian embryo in utero. This lineage is specified before implantation into the uterus and is restricted to form the fetal portion of the placenta. A culture of mouse blastocysts or early postimplantation trophoblasts in the presence of fibroblast growth factor 4 (FGF4) permitted the(More)
Plasma concentrations of adiponectin, a novel adipose-specific protein with putative antiatherogenic and antiinflammatory effects, were found to be decreased in Japanese individuals with obesity, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, conditions commonly associated with insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia. To further characterize the relationship(More)
A basic peptide derived from human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 Tat protein (positions 48-60) has been reported to have the ability to translocate through the cell membranes and accumulate in the nucleus, the characteristics of which are utilized for the delivery of exogenous proteins into cells. Based on the fluorescence microscopic observations of mouse(More)
Signals emanating from the receptor for interleukin-1 (IL-1), lipopolysaccharide (LPS) or osteoclast differentiation factor/receptor activator of NF kappa B ligand (ODF/RANKL) stimulate transcription factors AP-1 through mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) activation and NF kappa B through I kappa B kinase (IKK) activation. These kinases are thought to(More)
We have isolated a new Drosophila mutant, satori (sat), the males of which do not court or copulate with female flies. The sat mutation comaps with fruitless (fru) at 91B and does not rescue the bisexual phenotype of fru, indicating that sat is allelic to fru (fru(sat)). The fru(sat) adult males lack a male-specific muscle, the muscle of Lawrence, as do(More)
BACKGROUND AND METHODS To detect potentially curable cases of hepatocellular carcinoma, outpatients with chronic hepatitis or compensated liver cirrhosis who were seen at the Center for Adult Diseases (Osaka, Japan) were examined periodically by means of ultrasonography and measurement of serum alpha-fetoprotein. Risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma(More)
Aquaporins (AQPs) are membrane water channel proteins expressed in various tissues in the body. We surveyed the immunolocalization of AQP3, an isoform of the AQP family, in rat epithelial tissues. AQP3 was localized to many epithelial cells in the urinary, digestive, and respiratory tracts and in the skin. In the urinary tract, AQP3 was present at(More)
A multidisciplinary approach was taken to investigate the intracellular locations of the 26-kDa integral membrane protein encoded by the bcl-2 gene. Subcellular fractionation analysis of a t(14;18)-containing lymphoma cell line revealed the presence of Bcl-2 protein in nuclear, heavy-membrane, and light-membrane fractions but not in cytosol. Sedimentation(More)
The mouse autosomal dominant mutation Mody develops hyperglycemia with notable pancreatic beta-cell dysfunction. This study demonstrates that one of the alleles of the gene for insulin 2 in Mody mice encodes a protein product that substitutes tyrosine for cysteine at the seventh amino acid of the A chain in its mature form. This mutation disrupts a(More)