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Serum copper and zinc concentrations and copper/zinc ratios have been shown to be increased in several types of human malignancies, including human brain tumors. In this study, copper and zinc levels and copper/zinc ratios were determined by atomic absorption analysis in tissue and serum from 29 primary and metastatic brain tumor patients. Metastatic(More)
Total excision is the treatment of choice in preventing the relapse of craniopharyngioma, but for tumors involving an extensive area, it is often associated with increased risks of complications. The efficacy of postoperative radiotherapy has not yet been established. The authors have performed minimal tumor excision followed by intensive injection of(More)
UNLABELLED A rebound phenomenon after infusion of hypertonic solution of mannitol and glycerol on raised intracranial pressure was studied by epidural pressure recordings for 65 patients. The mean age of the patients was 50 years with a range of 29 to 73 years. The diagnoses of above patients were as follows; 29 were cerebral aneurysms, 19 were brain(More)
The relationships between protein extravasation, morphological changes in neurons, and reactive changes in axons were evaluated in rats subjected to right lateral fluid-percussion injury to the brain (4.8-5.6 atm, 20 ms). Serial sections of the brain were immunostained with antibodies to rat immunoglobulin G (IgG) and 68-kDa neurofilament at 1 h to 2 weeks(More)
Serial computed tomography (CT) scanning was performed on 138 patients suffering from severe head injuries (i.e., with scores of 8 or less on Glasgow Coma Scale). Standard practice called for scans to be done upon admission (within hours of the injury) and after 1, 3, and 7 days and 1 month. Subsequent CT scans depended on the patient's condition. Clinical(More)
This is the second paper on a trial treatment of malignant brain tumors by postoperative intracavity chemotherapy. In 34 patients with malignant brain tumors in cerebral hemispheres, 0.5 mg adriamycin (ADM) was injected through an Ommaya's device into the tumor-bed every other day after subtotal removal of tumor at craniotomy. Usual total doses of ADM were(More)
Measurement of the serum level of anterior pituitary hormones (GH, TSH, LH and FSH) and the response of these hormones to their releasing hormones were made in 45 uncomplicated head injury patients within 24 hours after injury. We classified these 45 patients into three groups according to the Glasgow Outcome Scale of six months after head injury, such as(More)
The four-vessel occlusion method introduced by Pulsinelli et al is widely used as an experimental model for reversible forebrain ischemia in rats. However, this model has a major problem in the difficulty assuring complete occlusion of the vertebral arteries by electrocauterization through the alar foramina of the first cervical vertebra. Anatomical basis(More)
This is a paper of new trial of treatment of malignant brain tumor by local injection of bleomycin (BLM). The new method of intraneoplastic BLM injection is as follows: in the cases ended up with subtotal or partial removal of the tumor, Ommaya's device was detained in the tumor bed, and its reservoir was fixed subcutaneous on the skull. 0.1 mg/kg to 0.2(More)