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The three-dimensional structures of human parvovirus B19 VP2 capsids, alone and complexed with its cellular receptor, globoside, have been determined to 26 resolution. The B19 capsid structure, reconstructed from cryo-electron micrographs of vitrified specimens, has depressions on the icosahedral 2-fold and 3-fold axes, as well as a canyon-like region(More)
  • Makoto Futaki, Takehito Igarashi, +4 authors Johnson M Liu
  • 2002
Fanconi anemia (FA) is a genetic disorder that leads to aplastic anemia and birth defects and predisposes to cancer. FA cells exhibit characteristic hypersensitivity to DNA cross-linking agents such as mitomycin C (MMC), and FANCG is one of six known FA gene products. By immunocytochemical analysis of transfected cells, we discovered that although FANCG(More)
Regulatory T cells (Treg) play important roles in suppressing immune responses and maintaining tolerance. Rabbit antithymocyte globulin (rATG) and horse ATG (hATG) are widely used in the treatment of immune-mediated syndromes, but their effects on Treg are unknown. We show here that in vitro culture of normal human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs)(More)
Aneuploidy, especially monosomy 7 and trisomy 8, is a frequent cytogenetic abnormality in the myelodysplastic syndromes (MDSs). Patients with monosomy 7 and trisomy 8 have distinctly different clinical courses, responses to therapy, and survival probabilities. To determine disease-specific molecular characteristics, we analyzed the gene expression pattern(More)
Marked sequence variation in the mtDNA control region has been observed in human single CD34(+) cells, which persist in vivo and are present also in differentiated hematopoietic cells. In this study, we analyzed 5071 single CD34(+) cells from 49 individuals (including 31 maternally related members from four families and 18 unrelated donors) in order to(More)
The FAC protein encoded by the gene defective in Fanconi anemia (FA) complementation group C binds to at least three ubiquitous cytoplasmic proteins in vitro. We used here the complete coding sequence of FAC in a yeast two-hybrid screen to identify interacting proteins. The molecular chaperone GRP94 was isolated twice from a B-lymphocyte cDNA library.(More)
We have reported marked mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence heterogeneity among individual CD34 clones from adult bone marrow (BM) and the age-dependent accumulation of mtDNA mutations in this mitotically active tissue. Here, we show direct evidence of clonal expansion of cells containing mtDNA mutations and that the mtDNA sequence may be easily determined(More)
A high frequency of mtDNA somatic mutation has been observed in many tumors as well as in aging tissues. In this study, we analyzed the mtDNA control region sequence variation in 3534 single normal cells and individual blasts from 18 patients with leukemia and 10 healthy donors, to address the mutation process in leukemic cells. We found significant(More)
In many animals, blood cell production occurs in the bone marrow. Hematopoiesis is complex, requiring self-renewing and pluripotent stem cells, differentiated progenitor and precursor cells, and supportive stroma, adipose tissue, vascular structures, and extracellular matrix. Although imaging is a vital tool in hematology research, the 3-dimensional(More)
The pathogenic parvovirus B19 (B19V) has an extreme tropism for human erythroid progenitor cells. In vitro, only a few erythroid leukemic cell lines (JK-1 and KU812Ep6) or megakaryoblastoid cell lines (UT7/Epo and UT7/Epo-S1) with erythroid characteristics support B19V replication, but these cells are only semipermissive. By using recent advances in(More)