Sachiko Ishida

Learn More
Since first described, acoels were considered members of the flatworms (Platyhelminthes). However, no clear synapomorphies among the three large flatworm taxa -- the Catenulida, the Acoelomorpha and the Rhabditophora -- have been characterized to date. Molecular phylogenies, on the other hand, commonly positioned acoels separate from other flatworms.(More)
The presence of rhodopsin-like proteins in the eyes and auricles of the freshwater planarian Dugesia japonica was confirmed using anti-frog-rhodopsin rabbit IgG. The apparent relative molecular masses of these proteins were 65x10(3) and 62x10(3), and positive reactions to IgG were localized to the microvilli of the photoreceptor cells in the eyes and to the(More)
The spermatozoa in the testis of three species of triclad turbellarians showed slightly different morphologies from spermatozoa in the seminiferous tubule and ovovitelline duct, and we suggest these differences relate to maturation of the spermatozoa. Glycogen granules could be found in the flagella between the central core and the peripheral doublets of(More)
To provide a tool for studying regeneration in planarians, we have produced monoclonal antibodies against a variety of cells and tissues of the freshwater planarian Phagocata vivida (Ijima et Kaburaki). We obtained five kinds of monoclonal antibodies specific, respectively, to 1) the excretory system, 2) nerve cells, 3) rhabdoid-forming cells and(More)
Various kinds of chromosomal polymorphisms or karyotypic variations are found in the Japanese freshwater planarian Polycelis auriculata. Within this species, there are found worms whose chromosome numbers are 2n = 6, 10, 11, 12 and others, and 3x = 6 and 9. There are some which have cells with triploidy and tetraploidy complements (3x = 6 & 4x = 8), and(More)
A uniform extracellular stimulus triggers cell-specific patterns of Ca(2+) signals, even in genetically identical cell populations. However, the underlying mechanism that generates the cell-to-cell variability remains unknown. We monitored cytosolic inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) concentration changes using a fluorescent IP3 sensor in single HeLa cells(More)
It was reported recently that vertebrate-type steroids exist and control reproduction in several groups of invertebrates, including molluscs. Sexually reproductive freshwater planarians of the species Bdellocephala brunnea have a limited breeding season in their natural habitat. This phenomenon suggests that some endogenous reproductive hormones might play(More)
Planarians are phylogenetically considered to be the most primitive animals to have acquired a central nervous system and a bilateral symmetry. However, very little is known about the relationship between planarian brain integration and motility. A behavioural and histological study was therefore undertaken in an aspect of planarian motility recovery during(More)
The localization of the antigen for monoclonal antibody ② 9F11-B-E4 was clarified by immuno-electron microscopy. The antigens were localized on the mitochondria and Golgi bodies in the male germ cells and on the secretory granules of various glands cells in the penis bulb and subepidermal parenchymal tissue of Phagocata vivida. The results of the(More)