Sachiko Ishida

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Since first described, acoels were considered members of the flatworms (Platyhelminthes). However, no clear synapomorphies among the three large flatworm taxa -- the Catenulida, the Acoelomorpha and the Rhabditophora -- have been characterized to date. Molecular phylogenies, on the other hand, commonly positioned acoels separate from other flatworms.(More)
The spermatozoa in the testis of three species of triclad turbellarians showed slightly different morphologies from spermatozoa in the seminiferous tubule and ovovitelline duct, and we suggest these differences relate to maturation of the spermatozoa. Glycogen granules could be found in the flagella between the central core and the peripheral doublets of(More)
Various kinds of chromosomal polymorphisms or karyotypic variations are found in the Japanese freshwater planarian Polycelis auriculata. Within this species, there are found worms whose chromosome numbers are 2n = 6, 10, 11, 12 and others, and 3x = 6 and 9. There are some which have cells with triploidy and tetraploidy complements (3x = 6 & 4x = 8), and(More)
A uniform extracellular stimulus triggers cell-specific patterns of Ca(2+) signals, even in genetically identical cell populations. However, the underlying mechanism that generates the cell-to-cell variability remains unknown. We monitored cytosolic inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) concentration changes using a fluorescent IP3 sensor in single HeLa cells(More)
Eggshell formation in polyclads was studied by means of transmission electron microscopy and histochemistry. Shell-forming granules (SFG) in the egg, as well as secretions of shell glands (SGS), play roles in eggshell formation. As the oocytes pass through the portion of the female tract where the shell glands open, they are surronded by a two-layered(More)
  • Takashi Shirakawa, Akira Sakurai, +4 authors Wataru Teshirogi
  • 2004
To provide a tool for studying regeneration in planarians, we have produced monoclonal antibodies against a variety of cells and tissues of the freshwater planarian Phagocata vivida (Ijima et Kaburaki). We obtained five kinds of monoclonal antibodies specific, respectively, to 1) the excretory system, 2) nerve cells, 3) rhabdoid-forming cells and(More)
Planarians are phylogenetically considered to be the most primitive animals to have acquired a central nervous system and a bilateral symmetry. However, very little is known about the relationship between planarian brain integration and motility. A behavioural and histological study was therefore undertaken in an aspect of planarian motility recovery during(More)
It was reported recently that vertebrate-type steroids exist and control reproduction in several groups of invertebrates, including molluscs. Sexually reproductive freshwater planarians of the species Bdellocephala brunnea have a limited breeding season in their natural habitat. This phenomenon suggests that some endogenous reproductive hormones might play(More)
More than 15 years have passed since thoracoscopic surgery was first employed in Japan as a treatment for esophageal cancer with curative intent. Because of the proliferation of techniques that can be used to obtain an adequate operative field, such as hand assist, placing the patient in the prone position, etc., the number of approaches to thoracoscopic(More)
Although the chromosomal number of Polycelis (Seidlia) auriculata Ijima et Kaburaki is basically 2n = 6, this species shows remarkable chromosomal polymorphisms in different populations. Among worms collected at 30 stations in the central part of Japan's Main Island and in Hokkaido, we found five new karyotypes, considered to be variations of tetraploidy(More)