Sachiko Fujihara

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AIMS The source and routes of diarrhoeagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) have not been clarified because it is difficult to detect these organisms in samples with numerous coliform bacteria. We have developed multiplex real-time PCR assays for exhaustive detection of DEC. METHODS AND RESULTS Primers and TaqMan probes were designed to amplify and quantify one(More)
(15)NH(4) (+) and [(15)N](amide)-glutamine externally supplied to detached nodules from soybean plants (cv. Tamanishiki) were incorporated within nodule tissues by vacuum infiltration and metabolized to various nitrogen compounds during 60 minutes of incubation time. In the case of (15)NH(4) (+) - feeding, the (15)N abundance ratio was highest in the amide(More)
The effects of canavalmine, a structural analogue of spermine, were studied in cultured murine erythroleukemia cells 745A. Canavalmine exerted an inhibition on murine erythroleukemia cell growth at concentrations over 50 microM. The cell proliferation was, however, restored when canavalmine was removed from the culture medium after 24 h. Treatment of the(More)
The unusual polyamines, sym-homospermidine (homoSPD) and canavalmine (CAN), were found in the seed of Canavalia species such as C. gladiata, C. ensiformis, and C. brasilensis, but not in those of other leguminous crops. To examine the distribution and metabolism of homoSPD and CAN in sword bean, C. gladiata cv Shironata, polyamine analysis was carried out(More)
Using antibody against NADPH-cytochrome P-450 reductase and several effectors of cytochrome P-450 and FAD-containing monooxygenase, we investigated nicotine metabolites formed by these two enzymes. When [3H]nicotine was metabolized by the combination of liver microsomes of guinea pigs and partially purified aldehyde oxidase, three distinct spots(More)
Some studies on the effects of xanthine oxidase inhibitor allopurinol [4-hydroxypyrazolo(3,4-d)pyrimidine] on allantoin metabolism of soybean plants (Glycine max cv. Tamanishiki) are reported. Soybean seedlings, aseptically germinated for 96 hours on agar containing 1 millimolar allopurinol, contained only slight amounts of allantoin, allantoic acid, and(More)
The developing heart and great vessels undergo drastic morphogenetic changes during the embryonic period. To analyze the normal and abnormal development of these organs, it is essential to visualize their structures in three and four dimensions, including the changes occurring with time. We have reconstructed the luminal structure of the hearts and great(More)
Canavalmine, an analogue of spermine, induced erythroid differentiation of murine erythroleukemia cells 745A, as evidenced by benzidine staining and heme content of cultured cells. Benzidine-positive cells synthesizing hemoglobin appeared on day 4 after addition of 250 microM canavalmine. The canavalmine-induced cell differentiation was inhibited by the(More)
The present work was undertaken to develop a sensitive and selective method for the estimation of putrescine, spermidine and spermine in human blood employing electron-capture gas--liquid chromatography. Polyamines were derivatized with heptafluorobutyric anhydride. The heptafluorobutyric derivatives of polyamines could be well resolved within 15 min under(More)