Sachie Takashima

Learn More
BACKGROUND Lower leg muscle wasting is common in stroke patients; however, patient characteristics in the acute phase are rarely studied. This study aimed to examine the relationship between changes in quadriceps muscle thickness and disease severity, nutritional status, and C-reactive protein (CRP) levels after acute stroke. METHODS Thirty-one(More)
Quantitative theoretical analyses of the ability of trunk muscle contraction forces to reduce lateral curves in the spine are presented. The effects of contraction of each of 68 muscle slips on each of 13 configurations of scoliosis were examined using biomechanical models of the trunk. The lateral curve, sagittal curve, and longitudinal axis rotation(More)
BACKGROUND Assessment of the degree of air-flow obstruction is important for determining the treatment strategy in COPD patients. However, in some elderly COPD patients, measuring FVC is impossible because of cognitive dysfunction or severe dyspnea. In such patients a simple test of airways obstruction requiring only a short run of tidal breathing would be(More)
BACKGROUND Manual chest wall compression (CWC) during expiration is a technique for removing airway secretions in patients with respiratory disorders. However, there have been no reports about the physiological effects of CWC in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). OBJECTIVE To compare the effects of CWC on expiratory flow rates in(More)
Gemcitabine is widely used for chemotherapy in many types of cancers. However, vascular pain frequently occurs during its infusion, which can be serious enough to cause treatment discontinuation. This study was conducted to determine whether dissolution with 5 % glucose solution would relieve vascular pain compared with the approved use of saline as the(More)
PURPOSE To study the feasibility and the laterality of measurements of chest wall volume variation during tidal breathing in the lateral position in healthy subjects. METHODS Eighteen normal subjects were studied. Chest wall volume changes were measured by optoelectronic plethysmography in the supine and right and left lateral positions during quiet(More)
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to clarify the impact of postural changes during tidal breathing on the configuration and motion of chest-wall in order to further breathing motion evaluation. [Subjects and Methods] Chest-wall configuration and motion in the supine, right lateral, and sitting positions were measured using optoelectronic(More)
[Purpose] Clarification of the differences in the compression volume of the lungs by the heart (CVLH) between postures may facilitate the selection of optimal postures in respiratory care. Determining CVLH in the supine, semi-prone (Sim's position), and side-lying positions was the aim of this study. [Subjects and Methods] Eight healthy volunteers (six(More)
BACKGROUND Many patients with stroke have difficulty performing voluntary muscle contraction; thus, measurement of patients' muscle power or leg strength is challenging. We investigated the validity of quadriceps muscle thickness (QMT) measurement using ultrasonography (US) for the assessment of muscle wasting and physical function in patients with subacute(More)
  • 1