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Cell death plays important roles in the development and defense of plants as in other multicellular organisms. Rapid production of reactive oxygen species often is associated with plant defense against pathogens, but their molecular mechanisms are not known. We introduced the constitutively active and the dominant negative forms of the small GTP-binding(More)
A RING finger-containing protein (AO7) that binds ubiquitin-conjugating enzymes (E2s) and is a substrate for E2-dependent ubiquitination was identified. Mutations of cation-coordinating residues within AO7's RING finger abolished ubiquitination, as did chelation of zinc. Several otherwise-unrelated RING finger proteins, including BRCA1, Siah-1, TRC8, NF-X1,(More)
The extracellular poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) depolymerase from Ralstonia pickettii T1 has been purified, its function and character investigated in detail, and its gene cloned and sequenced. However, the mechanism by which this enzyme is secreted has not been elucidated. A mutant unable to degrade poly(3-hydroxybutyrate), N17, was obtained with the random(More)
In most instances, the transfer of ubiquitin to target proteins is catalyzed by the action of ubiquitin protein ligases (E3s). Full-length cDNAs encoding murine E6-associated protein (mE6-AP) as well as Nedd-4, a protein that is homologous to E6-AP in its C terminus, were cloned. Nedd-4 and mouse E6-AP are both enzymatically active E3s and function with(More)
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