Sachee R Agrawal

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BACKGROUND Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the most powerful risk factor for the progression of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection to Tuberculosis (TB) disease. TB accelerates the progression of HIV infection to AIDS and shortens the survival of such patients. AIM To determine the seroprevalence of HIV infection among TB confirmed patients in a(More)
INTRODUCTION There have been various studies from India describing the acute presentation and the long-term sequalae of Chikungunya (CHIKV) infection. However, there are very few studies discussing the Chikungunya-Dengue (DENV) co-infection from Western India. The present project was undertaken to study the clinical features of Dengue and Chikungunya(More)
Background In 1986, a second type of HIV, called HIV-2, was isolated from AIDS patients in West Africa, where it may have been present decades earlier. HIV-2 infections are predominantly found in Africa. West African nations report a prevalence of HIV-2 infection of more than 1% in the general population. The prevalence rate of HIV-2 infection in India is(More)
Background The PPTCT program in India focuses on prong 3 (Provision of Nevirapine to pregnant infected mothers) and reports quote that it reaches only 32% of pregnant mothers who need it. Preventing unintended pregnancies among HIV positive women (Prong 2) could help reduce the burden on Prong 3. To improve use of dual protection and prevent unintended(More)
BACKGROUND Chikungunya fever (CHIK) is an arboviral disease. Dengue fever (DENG) and CHIK are indistinguishable clinically and need to be differentiated by laboratory investigations. PURPOSE This study aimed at estimating the seroprevalence of CHIK mono-infection and CHIK and DENG dual infection in suspected patients. We also analyzed the age, sex(More)
Dirofilariasis is a worldwide zoonotic filariasis. Human dirofilariasis is a zoonotic infection most commonly caused by Dirofilariarepens. Dirofilariasis, caused by Dirofilaria repens, has been reported to occur widely throughout Asia, Europe, and Africa. It has not been widely recognized in India; however, several cases have been reported in the last few(More)
Background Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and HIV coinfection are pressing health problems in developing countries including India. Concurrent infection with HBV may alter the natural history and treatment of both diseases. Hepatitis B and HIV frequently coexist due to common modes of transmission. HIV and HBV coinfection leads to complex immunopathological(More)
INTRODUCTION Dengue virus (DENV) causes a wide range of diseases in humans, from acute febrile illness Dengue fever (DF) to life-threatening Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) or Dengue shock syndrome (DSS). Factors believed to be responsible for spread of Dengue virus infection include explosive population growth, unplanned urban overpopulation with inadequate(More)