N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is a nonspecific antioxidant that selectively inhibits acute fatigue of rodent skeletal muscle stimulated at low (but not high) tetanic frequencies and that decreases contractile function of unfatigued muscle in a dose-dependent manner. The present experiments test the hypothesis that NAC pretreatment can inhibit acute muscular… (More)
Forty-six patients with severe nonpenetrating brain injury [Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) 4-7] were randomized to standard management at 37 degrees C (n = 22) and to standard management with systemic hypothermia to 32 to 33 degrees C (n = 24). The two groups were balanced in terms of age (Wilcoxon's rank sum test, p > 0.95), randomizing GCS (chi-square test, p =… (More)
An extensive literature suggests that there are minimal complications of systemic hypothermia in humans at and above 30 degrees C for periods of several days. Intracranial hemorrhage has been found to complicate profound hypothermia (10-15 degrees C), and ventricular arrhythmias occur at temperatures below 30 degrees C. Our initial clinical studies were… (More)
The lack of easily measurable, objective physiologic indices of muscle fatigue in humans has hampered the evaluation of interventions that putatively inhibit muscle fatigue. In 6 healthy subjects, isometric fatigue of right and left tibialis anterior (TA) was produced using 180 s of intermittent electrical stimulation to the motor point (40 Hz, 650-ms or… (More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Faecal incontinence (FI) is a socially devastating problem. The treatment algorithm depends on the aetiology of the problem. Large anal sphincter defects can be treated by sphincter replacement procedures: the dynamic graciloplasty and the artificial bowel sphincter (ABS). MATERIALS AND METHODS Patients were included between 1997 and… (More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Dynamic graciloplasty (DGP) improves anal continence and quality of life for most patients. However, in some patients, DGP fails and fecal incontinence is unsolved or only partially improved. Constipation is also a significant problem after DGP, occurring in 13-90%. Colonic irrigation can be considered as an additional or salvage… (More)
Extramammary Paget disease (EMPD) is a rare perineal neoplasia associated with a high rate of local recurrence. Surgical excision is the standard treatment; however, this has high rates of post-operative morbidity in combination with potentially mutilating results. Previous literature has demonstrated good response with imiquimod 5% cream in patients with… (More)
We describe the case of a 33-year-old woman who suffered a delayed-onset arterial gas embolism following a significant venous air embolism during surgery to remove an acoustic neuroma. We report the management of the problem and discuss the mechanisms by which this event might have occurred.