Sacha Escamez

Learn More
Postmortem lignification of xylem tracheary elements (TEs) has been debated for decades. Here, we provide evidence in Zinnia elegans TE cell cultures, using pharmacological inhibitors and in intact Z. elegans plants using Fourier transform infrared microspectroscopy, that TE lignification occurs postmortem (i.e., after TE programmed cell death). In situ(More)
Tracheary element (TE) differentiation represents a unique system to study plant developmental programmed cell death (PCD). TE PCD occurs after deposition of the secondary cell walls when an unknown signal induces tonoplast rupture and the arrest of cytoplasmic streaming. TE PCD is tightly followed by autolysis of the protoplast and partial hydrolysis of(More)
The decline in industrial emissions of sulphur (S) has led to a sulphate depletion in soil resulting in an alteration of crop performance. In oilseed rape, an S deficiency dramatically reduced the seed yield and/or quality. Paradoxically, little is known about the impact of sulphate limitation on oilseed rape leaf metabolism, despite it being a key(More)
We uncovered that the level of autophagy in plant cells undergoing programmed cell death determines the fate of the surrounding cells. Our approach consisted of using Arabidopsis thaliana cell cultures capable of differentiating into two different cell types: vascular tracheary elements (TEs) that undergo programmed cell death (PCD) and protoplast(More)
Histochemical assays of xylem cell death cannot take advantage of the conventional methods for detection of cell death, such as staining with propidium iodide or trypan/Evans blue or the TUNEL staining. This chapter presents two alternative histochemical methods that can be used to detect xylem cell death quickly and reliably using light microscopy. The(More)
Silver birch (Betula pendula) is a pioneer boreal tree that can be induced to flower within 1 year. Its rapid life cycle, small (440-Mb) genome, and advanced germplasm resources make birch an attractive model for forest biotechnology. We assembled and chromosomally anchored the nuclear genome of an inbred B. pendula individual. Gene duplicates from the(More)
Plant development requires specific cells to be eliminated in a predictable and genetically regulated manner referred to as programmed cell death (PCD). However, the target cells do not merely die but they also undergo autolysis to degrade their cellular corpses. Recent progress in understanding developmental cell elimination suggests that distinct proteins(More)
Edouard Pesquet,a,1 Bo Zhang,a András Gorzsás,b,2 Tuula Puhakainen,a,3 Henrik Serk,a Sacha Escamez,a Odile Barbier,c Lorenz Gerber,b Charleen Courtois-Moreau,a,4 Edward Alatalo,d Lars Paulin,d Jaakko Kangasjärvi,e Björn Sundberg,b Deborah Goffner,c and Hannele Tuominena a Umeå Plant Science Centre, Department of Plant Physiology, Umeå University, 901 87(More)
Wood represents a promising source of lignocellulosic biomass for the production of bio-based renewables, especially biofuels. However, woody feedstocks must be improved to become competitive against petroleum. We created a collection of Populus trees consisting of 40 genetically engineered lines to modify and to better understand wood biomass properties. A(More)
  • 1