A key obstacle to understanding neural circuits in the cerebral cortex is that of unraveling the diversity of GABAergic interneurons. This diversity poses general questions for neural circuit analysis: how are these interneuron cell types generated and assembled into stereotyped local circuits and how do they differentially contribute to circuit operations… (More)
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and related neurological disorders are associated with mutations in many genes affecting the ratio between neuronal excitation and inhibition. However, understanding the impact of these mutations on network activity is complicated by the plasticity of these networks, making it difficult in many cases to separate initial… (More)
In this issue of Neuron, Greenberg and colleagues revise our understanding of how activity-dependent MeCP2 phosphorylation regulates distinct aspects of brain development and circuit function. The study also suggests a prominent role for MeCP2 in the regulation of global chromatin state in vivo.