Sabzali Javadov

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Reperfusion of the heart after a period of ischaemia leads to the opening of a nonspecific pore in the inner mitochondrial membrane, known as the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP). This transition causes mitochondria to become uncoupled and capable of hydrolysing rather than synthesising ATP. Unrestrained, this will lead to the loss of ionic(More)
Opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition pore (MPTP) is thought to be a critical event in mediating the damage to hearts that accompanies their reperfusion following prolonged ischaemia. Protection from reperfusion injury occurs if the prolonged ischaemic period is preceded by short ischaemic periods followed by recovery. Here we investigate(More)
OBJECTIVE Diminishing oxidative stress may protect the heart against ischaemia-reperfusion injury by preventing opening of the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) pore. The general anaesthetic agent propofol, a free radical scavenger, has been investigated for its effect on the MPT and its cardioprotective action following global and cardioplegic(More)
First, we present a summary of the evidence for our model of the molecular mechanism of the permeability transition (MPT). Our proposal is that the MPT occurs as a result of the binding of mitochondrial cyclophilin (CyP-D) to the adenine nucleotide translocase (ANT) in the inner mitochondrial membrane. This binding is enhanced by thiol modification of the(More)
Mitochondria serve as a "powerhouse" which provides near 90% of ATP necessary for cell life. However, recent studies provide strong evidence that mitochondria also play a central role in cell death. Mitochondrial permeability transition (mPT) at high conductance in response to oxidative or other cellular stresses is accompanied by pathological and(More)
In recent years, mitochondria have been recognized as regulators of cell death via both apoptosis and necrosis in addition to their essential role for cell survival. Cellular dysfunctions induced by intra- or extracellular insults converge on mitochondria and induce a sudden increase in permeability of the inner mitochondrial membrane, the so-called(More)
AIMS Leptin-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy is dependent on both RhoA and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38 MAPK) activation. The present study investigated the role of lipid raft/caveolae in these responses and assessed the nature of p38 MAPK activation in mediating leptin-induced hypertrophy. METHODS AND RESULTS Studies were carried out using(More)
Studies with different ATP-sensitive potassium (K(ATP)) channel openers and blockers have implicated opening of mitochondrial K(ATP) (mitoK(ATP)) channels in ischaemic preconditioning (IPC). It would be predicted that this should increase mitochondrial matrix volume and hence respiratory chain activity. Here we confirm this directly using mitochondria(More)
Quantitative Evaluation of Relationship between Cardiac Energy Metabolism and Post-ischemic Recovery of Contractile Function. Mechanisms of ischemic damage were studied by defining the relationships between post-ischemic work recovery and tissue ATP levels in isolated rat hearts as well as mitochondrial respiration rates in skinned myofibrils. Pre-ischemic(More)
Major membrane proteins have been quantitatively analyzed in erythrocytes and platelets from patients with homozygous (splenectomized and non-splenectomized) and heterozygous forms of β-thalassemia depending on severity of clinical manifestation of this disease. Quantitative analysis of erythrocyte membrane proteins revealed increase in α- and β-spectrin.(More)