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AIMS Based on an analysis of claims-based data of 8.298 million members of two German statutory health insurance funds, the aim of this contribution is to quantify age-/gender-specific prevalence/incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) in a German setting. METHODS AND RESULTS Patients were classified as AF prevalent, if they had received at least two(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of this study was to analyse which factors predict the real-world macro-/microvascular event, hospitalisation and death risk in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Furthermore, we aimed to investigate whether there exists both an under- and over-treatment risk of these patients. METHODS We used a German claims/clinical data set(More)
Methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) is a leading health problem. Compared to methicillin-sensitive S. aureus, MRSA infections are associated with greater morbidity and mortality, but the mechanisms underlying MRSA pathogenicity are unclear. Here we show that the protein conferring β-lactam antibiotic resistance, penicillin-binding protein 2A (encoded by(More)
Introduction: The objective of this study was to discover whether over-the-counter (OTC) package designs differ in their ability to transfer drug-safety-related information to pharmacy customers. The research was intended to answer two questions: (i) how well and quickly do customers comprehend, and what are the main characteristics of customers who have(More)
Staphylococcus aureus is a leading cause of skin and soft-tissue infections worldwide. Mice are the most commonly used animals for modeling human staphylococcal infections. However a supra-physiologic S. aureus inoculum is required to establish gross murine skin pathology. Moreover, many staphylococcal factors, including Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)(More)
Die dynamische Analyse postoperativer Ergebnisse nach prothetischem Ersatz des oberen Sprunggelenks (OSG) war bislang nicht möglich. In dieser Studie wurden 11 Patienten mit einseitig implantierter HINTEGRA®-Sprunggelenkendoprothese mit dem Heidelberger Fußmodell untersucht. Dieses Modell erlaubt kinematische Messungen der Vor-, Mittel- und(More)
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common significant cardiac rhythm disorder. Oral anticoagulation (OAC) is recommended by guidelines in the presence of a moderate to high risk of stroke. Based on an analysis of claims-based data, the aim of this contribution is to quantify the stroke-risk dependent OAC utilisation profile of German AF patients as well(More)
Cysteine cathepsins are endolysosomal cysteine proteases highly expressed in macrophages; however, their individual contributions to the elimination of bacteria and bacteria-induced cytokine production by macrophages are unknown. We assessed the contribution of cysteine cathepsins to macrophage defense pathways against Staphylococcus aureus by using(More)
The purpose of this study was to describe the methodological framework underlying nonadherence (NA) measurement based on pharmacy claims data, its quantitative impact on the results of NA studies, and to identify those methodological categories most likely to explain diabetes-related clinical outcomes. We use the example of oral antidiabetics in the(More)
OBJECTIVES Since the introduction of non-vitamin K antagonist (VKA) oral anticoagulants (NOACs), an additional treatment option, apart from VKAs, has become available for stroke prevention in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). For various reasons, it is important to consider patients' preferences regarding type of medication, particularly in view of(More)